, as defined in the web site iResearchNet, 'is the study of what native people know about the world around them.
Harding (1998) claims that a new kind of comparative ethnoscience
movement emerged from the older 'Eurocentric' colonial frameworks which represented the knowledge traditions of other cultures as the products of 'savage minds'.
Since there is no research related to traditional knowledge about this group of animals in Brazil, this paper represents the first record on Porifera ethnoscience
, thus beginning the ethnospongiological research in the country.
An emic perspective and ethnoscience
methods for organizational research.
(8.) For Geertz's criticism of other approaches that reify and reduce cultural modalities (e.g., ethnoscience
, cognitive anthropology), see Geertz 1973, 11.
In chapter 4, "A Medical Laboratory," she argues that the survey promoted an ecological approach to health and medicine, especially in the fight against trypanosomiasis, which incorporated both Western technical science and African ethnoscience
. Chapter 5, "A Racial Laboratory," examines the survey's involvement in race relations, focusing in particular on debates over eugenics in Kenya between the physician Henry Laing Gordon and the African Research Survey's J.
While he provides recommendations for new process of development, he emphasises on the need of "untraditional approaches including direct interference in their national affairs and governance." This approach, certainly meant for good, poses an open challenge to developing countries' sovereignty and authenticates the existence of western ethnoscience
in development paradigm.
In the decades leading up to the Civil War and then in the period of Reconstruction, transcribed archives of African American music "would bring the spiritual into, and launch black music on a new cultural trajectory" in which it was "considered as a modern scientific artifact, a specimen fit for capture by the spreading nets of an emergent ethnoscience
The findings of ethnoscience
(the branch of anthropology concerned with the cultural aspects of cognitive structure (1)) and comparative semantics indicate that it is a rare thing to find a word in one language that is exactly equivalent to a word in an unrelated language.
(5) We also look at the modern field of ethnoscience
as both an attempt to revive prematurely dismissed, non western natural knowledge traditions, as well as a pretext for bioprospecting, which has sometimes been quite exploitative.