Ethyl Chloride

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ethyl chloride

[¦eth·əl ′klȯr‚īd]
(organic chemistry)
C2H5Cl A colorless gas, liquefying at 12.2°C, slightly soluble in water; used as a solvent, in medicine, and as an intermediate. Also known as chloroethane.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ethyl Chloride


(also chloroethane), C2H5Cl, a colorless, highly volatile liquid with an ethereal odor.

Ethyl chloride has a boiling point of 12.5°C, a melting point of – 140.85°C, and a density of 0.903 g/cm3 at 15°C. Poorly soluble in water, it is soluble in most organic solvents. It is flammable, and its explosive limits in air are 3.8 and 15.4 percent by volume.

Ethyl chloride may be produced by the reaction of ethylene with hydrogen chloride or by the thermal, catalytic, or photochemical chlorination of ethane. Ethyl chloride is used as a solvent for phosphorus, sulfur, fats, and oils and as an ethylating agent in the production of tetraethyllead and ethylcellulose. In medicine it is used as an anesthetic.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Research subjects were divided into two groups with administration of vapocoolant spray containing ethyl chloride for the treatment group and EMLA cream for the control group.
Tooth with irreversible pulpitis was isolated with cotton rolls and cold test was performed with ethyl chloride spray.
Afraid to look bad in front of his friends, he sprayed a generous amount of ethyl chloride onto tissue paper, held it to his mouth and inhaled deeply.
For more information about making shots less scary to patients by using a skin refrigerant like Gebauer's Ethyl Chloride, contact Gebauer customer service representatives at (800) 321-9348.
Gebauer's Ethyl Chloride is a topical skin refrigerant widely used by healthcare professionals to instantly cool and numb skin prior to injection and minor surgical procedures.
According to sources in the police, the use of ethyl chloride spray - known as laughter gas - is increasing among the youths, especially teenage students.
Even those deemed not at risk for drug use have found their product of choice, in the form of ethyl chloride. It was originally intended for pain relief but is now alternatively used for intoxicating side effects, no matter how fleeting.
Ethyl chloride is stored in glass bottles or vials with a spring-loaded valve.
The UAE Ministry of Health and Prevention has issued a circular to warn about the dangers of misusing ethyl chloride spray, which has recently gained interest among adolescent students.