ethyl sulfate


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ethyl sulfate

[¦eth·əl ′səl‚fāt]
(organic chemistry)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The urine test for the alcohol metabolites ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and ethyl sulfate (EtS) points toward alcohol use in the previous 3 days, but the test is plagued with false positives at the lower cutoff values.
Fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE), ethyl glucuronide (EtG), and ethyl sulfate (EtS) are established in utero alcohol exposure markers (6, 8-18); although these meconium markers identify maternal alcohol consumption, data validating analyte cutoffs and interpretation criteria are limited.
Population baseline of meconium ethyl glucuronide and ethyl sulfate concentrations in newborns of nondrinking women in 2 Mediterranean cohorts.
Liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometric detection for the measurement of ethyl glucuronide and ethyl sulfate in meconium: new biomarkers of gestational ethanol exposure?
Ethyl Glucuronide and Ethyl Sulfate. Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) is a metabolite of alcohol produced through a reaction with glucuronic acid in the liver.
Ethyl sulfate (EtS) is another alcohol metabolite produced by a reaction in the liver (Helander and Beck 2005).
Ethyl sulfate: A metabolite of ethanol in humans and a potential biomarker of acute alcohol intake.
Improved detection of ethyl glucuronide and ethyl sulfate in a pain management population using high-throughput LC-MS/MS.
Examples include the alcohol metabolites ethyl glucuronide (EtG), ethyl sulfate, fatty acid ethyl esters, and phosphatidylethanol.
Liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry detection for the measurement of ethyl glucuronide and ethyl sulfate in meconium: new biomarkers of gestational ethanol exposure?
EtG and ethyl sulfate (EtS) (6) are minor ethanol metabolites formed by uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) and sulfotransferase (SULT), respectively, and excreted in urine for a longer time than ethanol (7-10).
Mass Spectrometric Identification of Ethyl Sulfate as an Ethanol Metabolite in Humans, Anders Helander [1] * and Olof Beck [2] (Karolinska Institutet and University Hospital, Departments of 1 Clinical Neuroscience and 2 Medicine, Stockholm, Sweden; * address correspondence to this author at: Alcohol Laboratory, L7:03, Karolinska University Hospital, SE-171 76 Stockholm, Sweden; fax 46-8-51771532, e-mail Anders.Helander@cns.ki.se)