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(ā`to͞od), a brief musical composition, usually for piano, fashioned to instruct an instrumentalist in a particular technical problem, such as scales or trills. Succeeding the toccata, popular in the baroque period, the étude was developed into a compactly crafted musical form by Frédéric Chopin and Franz Liszt.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in music, an instrumental composition devoted to a special problem of technique and written with the intent of developing the player’s technical facility. Etudes are usually gathered in collections containing pieces designed to help the player acquire a variety of technical skills; notable examples are the piano etudes piano of M. Clementi, K. Czerny, and J. Cramer and the violin etudes of R. Kreutzer and P. Rode. Numerous piano etudes, such as those of F. Chopin, R. Schumann, F. Liszt, C. Debussy, S. V. Rachmaninoff, A. N. Scriabin, and S. S. Prokofiev, are of high artistic merit.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Etude #41 features alternation between D Dorian and C Phrygian.
Les Hautes Orientations Royales ont porte egalement sur la coordination entre les institutions nationales concernees et la cooperation avec les organismes internationaux specialises et ce, pour conferer a cette etude davantage de precision et de credibilite.
Il nous semble que la connaissance de l'experience d'etablissement de ce groupe est importante et justifie une etude approfondie.
In the tenth etude in the series, Hamelin further explores pianistic styles based on Chopin's music.
ONE of Kay's works was less elusive than the others: Etude, a dreamy five-minute quartet set to Tchaikovsky's "June: Barcarolle" from The Seasons.
According to the company, the Microsoft-based core banking system, to be called The Etude Programme (Etude), will enable retail banks to replace their existing legacy core banking platforms with a flexible system that has enhanced business functionality and can be swapped out module by module.
In the final etude they pretend--hilariously--to be burglars who break into a kitchen, taste some (apparently magic) food, and as a result gradually turn into cats!
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