étude

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étude

(ā`to͞od), a brief musical composition, usually for piano, fashioned to instruct an instrumentalist in a particular technical problem, such as scales or trills. Succeeding the toccata, popular in the baroque period, the étude was developed into a compactly crafted musical form by Frédéric Chopin and Franz Liszt.

Étude

 

in music, an instrumental composition devoted to a special problem of technique and written with the intent of developing the player’s technical facility. Etudes are usually gathered in collections containing pieces designed to help the player acquire a variety of technical skills; notable examples are the piano etudes piano of M. Clementi, K. Czerny, and J. Cramer and the violin etudes of R. Kreutzer and P. Rode. Numerous piano etudes, such as those of F. Chopin, R. Schumann, F. Liszt, C. Debussy, S. V. Rachmaninoff, A. N. Scriabin, and S. S. Prokofiev, are of high artistic merit.

References in periodicals archive ?
Depuis, les etudes sociologiques se sont multipliees pour denoncer le lien entre les inegalites sociales et les inegalites scolaires, comme l'indiquent, entre autres, les travaux de Coleman et al.
Cette etude europeenne multicentrique comparait la cystoscopie en fluorescence avec HAL a la cystoscopie en LB pour le diagnostic du CIS chez des patients a haut risque de cancer de la vessie.
The seventh etude is a gorgeous arrangement of Tchaikovsky's Lullaby, op.
Ces resultats sont similaires a ceux d'une etude effectuee aupres de patients atteints d'un cancer pour lesquels le soutien social etait lie uniquement au bien-etre psychologique et ce, seulement chez les femmes (20).
Celia Franca saw Etude in Montreal and snapped it up for her new company, the National Ballet of Canada, where it became the first Canadian choreography in their repertoire.
Commenting on the expanded relationship with Microsoft, John Slater, Chairman and CEO of SlaterLabs, said, "This agreement reinforces our belief that The Etude Programme is a significant new force in banking software solutions.
L'alerte a l'acrylmnide remonte a 2002, lorsque le Swedish National Food Authority (agence suedoise pour la securite alimentaire) a publie une etude concernant sa toxicite sur les rats.
Je recois un appel d'une amie qui me propose d'aller a Calgary presenter un projet de design sur lequel j'ai travaille en 2003 dans le cadre de mes etudes en genie chimique a l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
La CAMA et nos partenaires au Gezhtoojig Employment & Training ont hate de partager les resultats de notre etude cet automne.
Much revised, and variously described by Schumann himself as studies, variations and fantasies, the vivid writing and apparent spontaneity of his Symphonic Etudes for piano give little clue to their painstaking genesis.
And when it came to receiving solid stereo images, the TDQ-150's record was 14 stations, whereas the Etude had double that number.
Helfgott's playing Tuesday was at its best in showpieces such as Liszt's ``La Campanella'' etude and Hungarian Rhapsody No.