Etymon

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Etymon

 

a form or meaning from which a word in a modern language is derived. For example, the Russian verb vnushat’ (“to inspire”) is derived from two etymons: the preposition V ъ n (“in”) and the noun ukho (“ear”). Etymons are identified through scientific etymological research. The establishment of etymons plays an important role in the study of problems in such areas as ethnogeny, ancient substrata, the historical development of language, and relationships between languages.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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There are also words that do not follow such derivation: so [[phrase omitted]] 'three' (< *se), (5) [bi'jorda] 'he brought' (< *ar- < *awar-), and these words of obscure etymon: [[phrase omitted]] 'pressure', [[phrase omitted]] 'cough'.
As in the book under review, Georges Bohas has devoted much energy, often in collaboration with his pupils, to lending support to the idea that Semitic roots, as attested in Arabic, can be reduced to semantic core units consisting of two radicals or, on an even deeper level, to a (non-ordered) set of articulatory features called a "matrix." In his longstanding theory of "matrices et etymons," such matrixes are said to be the base ("invariant notionnel") for a whole array of semantically related roots.
Neanmoins, apres l'extraction des etymons de chacun des mots (bases radicales biconsonantiques, notees ici en gras), on s'apercoit que tous comportent une labiale (b, p, m) et une dorsale (k, g, q, s, f) et que bien de ces exemples presentent un <<air de famille>>, ont quelque chose a voir avec la notion de <<courbure>>.
Thus, as the focal point of the present investigation is original Chinese etymons adopted into the English language and recorded in the OED, disregarding non-etymological related items (37), loan translations (36) and obsolete words (8), from the initial corpus made up of 426 items, the final number of hints to be considered is of 345 English terms borrowed from Chinese.
The table does not show all the points on which the orthographies differ -- indeed, this would be impossible as in the Moravian orthography so many words are spelled like their Dutch or English etymons. Instead, I have selected a few of the main points of difference in the representation of phonemes.(22) There are other points of difference as well, for example in the treatment of loan words and of sounds that occur only in loans from Dutch.
En consequence, le comparatisme dans le domaine afro-asiatique tirerait plus de profit, nous semble-t-il, si l'on operait au niveau des etymons (bases biconsonantiques) et des matrices (combinaisons binaires de traits phonetiques).
Semantic changes can also be the result of the merger of etymons. In this case, the resulting etymon acquires a meaning that is derived from the notions of both original etymons.
(6.) The term iconym must not be mixed up with etymon. An etymon refers to the original form (!) of a word, an iconym is the original content (!), or reference, of a word.
Probably the New SOED was wise not to go beyond the immediate etymon for loanwords (though the 'Guide' does not tell the user that that is the policy).