Euhemerus

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Euhemerus

(yo͞ohĕm`ərəs), fl. c.300 B.C., Cyrenaic philosopher, b. Sicily. He is famous for a theory of mythology embodied in his philosophical romance, Sacred History, a work of which only fragments remain. Euhemerus' theory, called after him euhemerism, was that the gods originated from the elaboration of traditions of distinguished historical persons. His theory was consistent with the attempts of his period to explain religious beliefs in terms of naturalism.
References in periodicals archive ?
Or what about the historians who will consider the euhemerist trap--that of seeking a literal and local origin for imaginative stories?
14) For the euhemerist tradition, see Trousson, 46, 49, 67-8, 92-3, 145-6, 181-2.
3) Carlyle's lectures on Odin and Mahomet are the most significant nineteenth-century step in this Euhemerist mode, and suggest the emphasis of the whole book: All these studies--of gods, prophets, priests, men of letters, kings--constitute a celebration of the capacities of the human being, the wonder of wonders.