eunuch


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eunuch

(yo͞o`nĭk) [Gr.,=keeper of the couch], castrated human male, particularly a chamberlain of a harem in Asia. The custom of employing eunuchs as servants in wealthy or royal households is very ancient; it reached its epitome at the court of Constantinople under the Byzantine emperors, from whom the Ottoman sultans adopted it. Eunuchs often rose to high position, the Byzantine general NarsesNarses
, c.478–c.573, Byzantine official and general, one of the eunuchs of the palace. He assisted in the suppression of the Nika riot (532) by bribing the Blues of the Circus (see Blues and Greens) to return their allegiance to Justinian I.
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 being the most celebrated example. In the Muslim world the use of eunuchs was far less common than is generally believed; however, the sale of young males to be eunuchs was formerly an important element in African trade. The castrating operation, which retards the development of normal male characteristics, including the deepening of the voice, was performed with varying thoroughness and with varying success. From Constantinople spread the custom of using eunuchs in choirs. In the opera seria (see operaopera,
drama set to music. Characteristics

The libretto may be serious or comic, although neither form necessarily excludes elements of the other. Opera differs from operetta in its musical complexity and usually in its subject matter.
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) of the 18th cent. the male heroes' roles were sung by castrati, and the papal choir used castrati until the beginning of the 19th cent. A famous castratocastrato
[Ital.,=castrated], a male singer with an artificially created soprano or alto voice, the result of castration in boyhood. The combination of the larynx of a youth and the chest and lungs of a man produced a powerful voice of great range and unique sound.
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 was Carlo Broschi FarinelliFarinelli, Carlo Broschi
, 1705–82, Italian male soprano, greatest of the castrati (see castrato), pupil of Niccolò Porpora, in whose operas he sang (1734–37) in London. Farinelli's real name was Carlo Broschi.
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.

Eunuch

 

a castrated man appointed to oversee a harem. Eunuchs were known among the ancient Assyrians and Persians, in Byzantium, and later among the Turks. Because they were on intimate terms with their masters, eunuchs at the courts of Eastern potentates often attained high standing and became privy councillors in state affairs.

eunuch

[′yü·nik]
(medicine)
An individual who has undergone complete loss of testicular function.

eunuch

castrated guardian of Eastern harems. [Arab. Culture: Jobes, I, 530–531]
References in periodicals archive ?
Millions of eunuchs with stereotyped roles3 live in Pakistan and are found as street beggars suffering from various issues4 and living in a pretty much poor area with extremely deteriorated mental health.5 There is no formal record about the citizenry of eunuchs as they are much dispersed.6
The study has revealed that the eunuchs have very low social status in the society.
Who is responsible for the population explosion?" Not the eunuch."
Each candidate or applicant should submit a medical report, signed and stamped by two qualified and reliable doctors, testifying that they have personally examined the man and found him to be a genuine eunuch.
Eunuchs have no motive for wealth and no ambition for position, eunuchs would have no desire selling palace secrets or conniving with potential usurpers.
The eunuch leader said that the SHO ordered Iqbal to get his plaza vacated from the eunuchs within a week, as the transgenders had refused to pay any money to the police officials.
Field observations.--A web contained the host female and two males, of which the larger one was a full eunuch (individual that had severed both palps) and the smaller one was intact with both palps (Fig.
The author's aptitude for writing and historical and medical research serves him well and helps authenticate the story of Mohammed Nasser's rise from a castrated eunuch to a hormone-injected sexually active but infertile husband.
I've titled it "The Eunuch and the Giraffe." Enjoy!
Wittgenstein provides a necessary caveat to this essay's topic, which, baldly stated, is a chronological account of a hitherto-un-remarked cultural trope: the pairing of a eunuch and a blackamoor.
Sample writings include "Matronly Monks: Theodoret of Cyrrhus' Sexual Imagery in the Historia Religiosa", "Holy Eunuchs! Masculinity and Eunuch Saints in Byzantium", "The Significance of the Tonsure", and more.