Because the term "subsocial" is so firmly entrenched in the literature as an evolutionary pathway from which cooperative spiders and eusocial
insects have evolved, we feel it is impractical to suggest that it be eliminated.
Considering specifically the eusocial
species, one of the key questions is the emergence of division of labor.
DNA 'fingerprinting' reveals high levels of inbreeding in colonies of the eusocial
Ecology and evolution of social organization: insights from fire ants and other highly eusocial
Cannibalism and trophic eggs in subsocial and eusocial
In all of these examples--and in the case of cooperative foraging by eusocial
insects--salient trails are deliberately generated by one individual for another to follow.
insects, which live in colonies and have a social structure that divides household chores among different specialized castes, are dominant members of many ecosystems.
Finally, I describe how molecular methods have been applied to eusocial
insects to estimate genetic relatedness among colony members and to identify mechanisms generating variance in relatedness such as number of mates per queen.
Dual mimicry in the dimorphic eusocial
wasp Mischocyttarus mastigophorus Richards (Hymenoptera: Vespidae).
Complex long distance navigation by arthropods is usually associated with the formidable navigational capabilities of the eusocial
hymenopterans such as bees and ants (e.g., von Frisch 1967; Wehner 1992).
This sort of community is typical of insects like bees, termites, ants, and wasps--not mammals--but some scientists have resisted grouping the naked mole rat with the so-called eusocial
Queen-worker conflict and eusocial
evolution in a polygynous ant species.