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evangelist(ĭvăn`jəlĭst) [Gr.,=Gospel], title given to saints MatthewMatthew, Saint,
in the New Testament, one of the Twelve Apostles. Also called Levi, he was a publican (tax collector) from Capernaum. Since the 2d cent. the first Gospel (see Matthew, Gospel according to) has been attributed to him, but the attribution is almost certainly
..... Click the link for more information. , MarkMark, Saint
[Lat. Marcus], Christian apostle, traditional author of the 2d Gospel (see Mark, Gospel according to). His full name was John Mark. His mother, named Mary, had a house in Jerusalem, which the Christians used as a meeting place. Mark accompanied St. Paul and St.
..... Click the link for more information. , LukeLuke, Saint
[Gr. Lucas], traditional author of the third Gospel (see Luke, Gospel according to Saint) and of its sequel, the Acts of the Apostles. Paul's letter to the Colossians identifies him as "the beloved physician" and implies that he was a Gentile.
..... Click the link for more information. , and JohnJohn, Saint,
one of the Twelve Apostles, traditional author of the fourth Gospel, three letters, and the Book of Revelation (see John, Gospel according to Saint; John, letters; Revelation); it is highly unlikely, however, that all five works were written by the same author.
..... Click the link for more information. , the authors of the four Gospels. The four evangelists are often symbolized respectively by a man, a lion, an ox, and an eagle, on the basis of Rev. 4.6–10. In modern times the term is applied to Protestant clergy and religious leaders who preach personal conversion, especially those who travel extensively to do so. The greatest effort of evangelism was undoubtedly the Great AwakeningGreat Awakening,
series of religious revivals that swept over the American colonies about the middle of the 18th cent. It resulted in doctrinal changes and influenced social and political thought. In New England it was started (1734) by the rousing preaching of Jonathan Edwards.
..... Click the link for more information. . MethodismMethodism,
the doctrines, polity, and worship of those Protestant Christian denominations that have developed from the movement started in England by the teaching of John Wesley.
..... Click the link for more information. is essentially evangelical in its origins; John WesleyWesley, John,
1703–91, English evangelical preacher, founder of Methodism, b. Epworth, Lincolnshire. Early Life
Wesley was ordained a deacon in the Church of England in 1725, elected a fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford, in 1726, and ordained a priest in 1728.
..... Click the link for more information. and George WhitefieldWhitefield, George,
1714–70, English evangelistic preacher, leader of the Calvinistic Methodist Church. At Oxford, which he entered in 1732, he joined the Methodist group led by John Wesley and Charles Wesley.
..... Click the link for more information. were the great Methodist evangelists. George Fox, founder of the Quakers (see Friends, Religious Society ofFriends, Religious Society of,
religious body originating in England in the middle of the 17th cent. under George Fox. The members are commonly called Quakers, originally a term of derision.
..... Click the link for more information. ), was also an evangelist. Dwight MoodyMoody, Dwight Lyman,
1837–99, American evangelist, b. Northfield, Mass. He became successful in business in Chicago, where he settled in 1856. His activities there as a Sunday-school teacher and superintendent were so successful that in 1861 he withdrew from business to
..... Click the link for more information. was a prominent 19th-century American evangelist. Billy GrahamGraham, Billy
(William Franklin Graham) , 1918–2018, American evangelist, b. Charlotte, N.C., grad. Wheaton College (B.A., 1943). Graham was ordained a minister in the Southern Baptist Church (1939), was the pastor of a Chicago church (his first and last pastorate), and in
..... Click the link for more information. is a notable modern example. See also camp meetingcamp meeting,
outdoor religious meeting, usually held in the summer and lasting for several days. The camp meeting was a prominent institution of the American frontier. It originated under the preaching of James McGready in Kentucky early in the course of a religious revival (c.
..... Click the link for more information. ; revival, religiousrevival, religious,
renewal of attention to religious faith and service in a church or community, usually following a period of comparative inactivity and frequently marked by intense fervor.
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1. an occasional preacher, sometimes itinerant and often preaching at meetings in the open air
2. a preacher of the Christian gospel
3. another word for revivalist
1. any of the writers of the New Testament Gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke, or John
2. a senior official or dignitary of the Mormon Church
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005