"A human observer with normal vision, if standing on Mars, could easily see the earth and the moon as two distinct, bright 'evening stars
,'" NASA said in a (http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA17936) statement .
Although Venus is admittedly the most conspicuous crepuscular star, it is often overlooked that the astronomical reality is more complicated than a simple equation of Venus with the morning and evening stars. As Venus is the brightest natural object in the night sky after the moon, mention of the "morning star" or "evening star" in mythical and cosmological traditions of all ages is generally explained in reference to this planet.
Natural philosophers have recognized the multivalent identification of morning and evening stars since antiquity.
(42) A similar pair of gods called Sahr and Salim, judging by the former's name associated with at least the dawn, appear as early as in the Ugaritic literature; these have been interpreted as the dawn and the evening twilight "oderes sind die entsprechenden Reprasentanten des Venusplaneten, Morgen- und Abendstern." (43) Two flaming torches placed on the shoulders of Helios on a sculpture from Khirbet et-Tannur, Jordan, are taken by Glueck to "symbolize the morning and evening stars, respectively ..." (44) And the Mithraic equivalent of these was the motif of the two torchbearers, Cautes and Cautopates, seen at the sides of Mithra, the sun god, who have often been interpreted similarly.
(28.) If it can be allowed that classical mythographers acknowledged the possibility of different planets serving as morning and evening stars, respectively, they can in some cases be exonerated from misplaced accusations of stupidity.
As the astronomical identity of Venus as morning star and Venus as evening star had been known in the classical world since the sixth or fifth century B.C.E .., (23) it is unlikely that these two aspects would still be celebrated in the form of two distinct deities, flanking the sun god, in the fourth century C.E.
A brainstorm in programming ideas comes to Battery Park courtesy of Evening Stars
, which will juxtapose three generations of influence in one concert.
This month, the Evening Stars
festival, presented by Lower Manhattan Community Council and The Joyce Theater, features an evening called "Crooners and Swooners" with Kansas City Ballet dancing Sinatra Songs (above), Doug Elkins' Dance Company dancing to Burt Bachrach, Lar Lubovitch to Gershwin, and Ballet Hispanica to Tito Puente.
She adds, "The most successful collaborations are when everyone respects everyone else's different agendas." She points to the LMCC as an organization that has forged partnerships between artists, foundations, corporations, and local businesses in order to produce, among other things, Evening Stars, the biggest free outdoor dance series in the city.
Last summer, LMCC turned over the job of curating Evening Stars to The Joyce, which, before the decade is out, will inhabit a new theater space nearby in the new World Trade Center site.
The Lower Manhattan Cultural Council presents an ambitious--and free--outdoor dance series, "EVENING STARS
," with a staggering roster of today's top dance companies.
THE TWIN TOWERS of the World Trade Center, visible throughout Manhattan, will serve as beacons for New York dance fans this fall: "Evening Stars
," a free, six-night dance series, unfolds at 7 P.M.