evolutionary psychology


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evolutionary psychology

a branch of PSYCHOLOGY that seeks to identify universal human psychological mechanisms/ capacities by grounding exploration in a ‘reverse engineering’, in assumptions about those environments – specifically HUNTER-GATHERER society – in which human capacities will have evolved by Darwinian natural and sexual selection. It regards itself as far from neglecting CULTURE and learning, but as potentially providing a better grounding and understanding of these, not reductionistically, but in a manner which acknowledges ‘emergence’. Topics treated in this way, include LANGUAGE capacity, EXCHANGE, COOPERATION (see Barkow, Cosmides and Tooby). Although criticized by theorists such as Gould (19), as involving ‘just so stories ’, lacking crucial tests, evolutionary psychology presents itself as a ‘scientifically realist’ theory.
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Barber asserts that evolutionary psychology can provide a single unifying explanation.
First, we provide an overview of Merton's theory and evolutionary psychology followed by a discussion of the dominant success goal's origins in relation to policing.
"Understanding the economic and political nitty-gritty of redistribution does not come naturally to us, but humans have been interacting with worse-off and better-off individuals over evolutionary time," says lead author Daniel Sznycer, research scientist at the Center for Evolutionary Psychology.
Very roughly, evolutionary psychology is the study of the human mind as a product of evolutionary forces.
Evolutionary Psychology and the explanation of ethnic phenomena.
In the next four chapters, Boyd deals individually with four challenges to natural-law ethics: sociobiology and evolutionary psychology, divine command ethics, postmodern relativism, and analytic philosophy.
After eight years of research, Craig Roberts, a lecturer in evolutionary psychology and zoologist, has found body odour preferences are affected by use of the pill.
Research from deep in the heart of Texas is looking deep into the hearts of women in order to answer Sigmund Freud's iconic question, "What does a woman want?'" And it seems the answer is, "Depends on how good looking the woman is." Yes, two psychology professors writing in the journal Evolutionary Psychology asked officially attractive women what they look for in a partner and discovered that the women calibrate their standards based on their own desirability.
Research from deep in the heart of Texas is looking deep into the hearts of women in order to answer Sigmund Freud's iconic question, "What does a woman want?" And it seems the answer is, "Depends on how good-looking the woman is." Yes, two psychology professors writing in the journal Evolutionary Psychology asked officially attractive women what they look for in a partner and discovered that the women calibrate their standards based on their own desirability.
Content includes findings and information from a range of fields, including cognitive science, game theory, behavioral economics, neuro-economics, ethology and evolutionary psychology. Chapters 1-4 examines the impact that biases, illusions and other predilections have on each stage of the negotiating process, including case evaluation, preparing for bargaining, establishing rapport, making offers and reaching agreements.
Game theory and evolutionary psychology might tell us why we trade at all with anonymous others, but monetary calculation is needed to explain how we decide which trades to make.

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