EXAPT

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EXAPT

EXtended APT.
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Macroevolutionary patterns of defense and pollination in Dalechampia vines: adaptation, exaptation, and evolutionary novelty.
In Johnson's view, a "good idea" springs from a set: slow hunch, liquid network, adjacent possible, error, serendipity, platform and exaptation.
Vrba, Exaptation--A Missing Term in the Science of Form, 8 PALEOBIOLOGY 4, 6 (1982) ("We suggest that such characters, evolved for other usages (or for no function at all), and later 'coopted' for their current role, be called exaptations.
Whether evolutionary adaptation, spandrel, or exaptation, the positive affects of health narratives suggest that they have been around for a long time, and are quite possibly among the first "stories" we told to our family members, other tribe members, and especially ourselves.
Exaptation is the sixth circumstance of innovation.
For Johnson, seven factors fuel the recombination and migration that catalyze innovation: the adjacent possible, liquid networks, the slow hunch, serendipity, error, exaptation, and platforms.
Even coincident technological discoveries in spatially discrete locations and related investment or production decisions may ultimately have common causes in humanity's shared knowledge and the process known as adjacent possible (Kauffman, 1993) or in the notion of exaptation (Gould and Vrba, 1982; Dew et al, 2004), where the path of adaptation either hits a wall and sparks a phase shift in human ingenuity or two or more spatially separate individuals or teams have a Eureka moment.
Exaptation (a word coined by Stephen Jay Gould and Elisabeth Vrba) is a fancy term for an idea, method, or attribute that is designed for one purpose and then appropriated for different purposes.
Second, non-reciprocal altruism may have emerged from a biological functionless use or by-product rather than a true fitness-enhancing exaptation.
straightforward exaptation of a single pre-existing recursive system
We have that at the level of function in the process known as exaptation, where a feature originally developed for one function, such as the feathers that kept dinosaurs warm, acquire a separate function in their descendants.