excess


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excess

1. Chem a quantity of a reagent that is greater than the quantity required to complete a reaction
2. Commerce payable as a result of previous underpayment
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in classic literature ?
It is grievous to think that those valiant barons, to whose stand against the crown the liberties of England were indebted for their existence, should themselves have been such dreadful oppressors, and capable of excesses contrary not only to the laws of England, but to those of nature and humanity.
The description given by the author of the Saxon Chronicle of the cruelties exercised in the reign of King Stephen by the great barons and lords of castles, who were all Normans, affords a strong proof of the excesses of which they were capable when their passions were inflamed.
The excess of liberty, whether in States or individuals, seems only to pass into excess of slavery.
'liquid.' According to medieval physiology there were four chief liquids in the human body, namely blood, phlegm, bile, and black bile, and an excess of any of them produced an undue predominance of the corresponding quality; thus, an excess of phlegm made a person phlegmatic, or dull; or an excess of black bile, melancholy.
Temperament is the veto or limitation-power in the constitution, very justly applied to restrain an opposite excess in the constitution, but absurdly offered as a bar to original equity.
Life itself is a mixture of power and form, and will not bear the least excess of either.
The fine young people despise life, but in me, and in such as with me are free from dyspepsia, and to whom a day is a sound and solid good, it is a great excess of politeness to look scornful and to cry for company.
Each of these elements in excess makes a mischief as hurtful as its defect.
But even if this supposed excess should not be a consequence of the limitation of the federal power of taxation, the inequalities spoken of would still ensue, though not in the same degree, from the other causes that have been noticed.
It is also absurd for those who promote a community of children to forbid those who love each other from indulging themselves in the last excesses of that passion, while they do not restrain them from the passion itself, or those intercourses which are of all things most improper, between a Father and a son, a brother and a brother, and indeed the thing itself is most absurd.
"However, if these drivers make a claim, their voluntary excess is added to the insurer's compulsory excess - which can add up to a considerable sum.
Liberty Mutual has appointed Jon Tellekamp as chief underwriting officer for National Insurance - Excess Casualty, and Doug Manwaring as chief underwriting officer of National Insurance - Public Entities and Programs.