Given the properties of fulvic acid, it is probable that the corrosion of chromium plating is caused by a sequence of reactions such as the following: the calcium chloride sprayed in large quantities in Russia and the fulvic acid in Russian soil give rise to an ion exchange reaction
which generates hydrochloric acid and thereby reduces the pH value; fulvic acid bonds with chromium (to form a complex) giving rise to changes in chromium passivation film properties; and changes occur in the sacrificial protection effect of the plating film.
Bonner, The Exchange Reaction
Between Chromous and Chromic Ions in Perchloric Acid Solution, J.
We have to bear in mind that the disulfide bonds undergo a dynamic exchange reaction
that induces realignment of the crosslinked network.
The [(C/S)-q-PDMA]/MMT used in this study was synthesized using an ion exchange reaction
between MMT and (C/S)q-PDMA.
Adsorption of Cs and Sr is caused by the ion exchange reaction
of Na on the adsorbent surface with Cs and Sr.
This additive reacts with the clay by an ion exchange reaction
to form an exfoliated clay stable in water or organic solvents.
1997) Experimental determination of quantum state resolved differential cross sections for the hydrogen exchange reaction
For example, envisaging the garnet-biotite thermometer, both of these minerals are required to be in contact to assume Fe-Mg exchange reaction
having occurred (DiPietro, 1991).
Metathesis ILs could be prepared by ion exchange reaction
between 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride and potassium salt as shown in Figure 3.
Other areas of investigation included the diffusion of atoms in metals, exchange reaction
of rhenium chemistry, and surface chemistry.
84 nm); it was evidently dissolved during anion exchange reaction
and the diffraction peaks corresponding to the SDS disappeared in the powder XRD pattern of the Mg-Al-DS/AMPS sample.
The cleavage of the hololectin into the A and B subunits is the result of an intraprotein thiol-disulfide exchange reaction
by which a disulfide bond is formed and rearranged in a protein.