Arthroplasty

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Related to excision arthroplasty: interposition arthroplasty, Joint replacement

arthroplasty

[′är·thrō‚plas·tē]
(medicine)
The making of an artificial joint.
Reconstruction of a new and functioning joint from an ankylosed one; a plastic operation upon a joint.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Arthroplasty

 

an operation that restores function of a joint.

Indications for arthroplasty are ankyloses, improperly knitted intra-articular fractures, and deforming arthroses. Arthroplasty consists in disconnecting the joint extremities, modeling new joint surfaces, and placing between them layers of the patient’s tissue (skin or fascia). Caps of cartilage or fetal membrane (amnion) are also used. Preserved joint extremities (homohemijoints) or whole joints (homojoints) taken from corpses, artificial joint heads of plastic or metal (for example, the head of the femur in arthroplasty of the hip joint), and artificial joints (for example, metallic prostheses of the hip joint or of finger joints) are widely used. After the operation, prolonged functional treatment (therapeutic exercise, physiotherapy, and massage) is mandatory.

REFERENCE

Chaklin, V. D. Operativnaia ortopediia. Moscow, 1951.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Excision arthroplasty in a toco toucan (Ramphastos toco toco) for the correction of an osteoarthritis of the right coxofemoral joint.
Possible treatment options for this type of AVN would be either conservative, such as immobilization and immobilization plus prostaglandins/teriparatide, or surgical, like bone decompression and excision arthroplasty, or vascularised bone graft as stated below.
Hip dysplasia can be managed through balanced nutrition, exercise, chondroprotective supplements and salvage surgery by performing pectineal myectomy, pelvic osteotomy, intertrochantric osteotomy, excision arthroplasty and total hip prosthesis (Raghuvir et al, 2013, Rawson et al, 2005, Vezzoni et al, 2010, Wallace, 1992).