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Related to exegesis: eisegesis


explanation or critical interpretation of a text, esp of the Bible


(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Exegesis is the science (some would call it an art or method of interpretation) of determining exactly the meaning of a particular passage of writing. This technique is used by all who study any writing, but especially by those who study religious scripture. Scriptures of all religions were written within the context of a particular culture and belief system. No one can write without having a certain frame of reference. Words mean different things to different people. Worldviews change. Even the meanings of words change over the years. Imagine the embarrassment a modern teenager feels when asked to stand up during a youth-group meeting of her peers and read the Kings James version of the Ten Commandments. What will she do when she gets to the part that says we are not to "covet our neighbor's ass"? She would have been on solid ground back in the seventeenth century. But the language is a bit awkward in the twenty-first.

Gabriel Fackre of Andover Newton Seminary has developed a formula that can be used by anyone who wants to do exegesis. This four-part system, outlined in Gabriel and Dorothy Fackre's book Christian Basics, works especially well when dealing with the Bible, but it can also be used by the student of mythology or any other ancient writing:

1. Common Sense: Start with its common-sense meaning—reading it just like a newspaper story.

2. Critical Sense: Next check out the ideas of some of the other students who have studied the passage's background, original language, and literary style.

3. Canonical Sense: Compare it to the rest of the author's writing. Is it consistent with the rest of the story?

4. Contextual Sense: What does the passage mean in terms of personal and contemporary culture?

The system will save the student from arriving at conclusions that might be "contemporary" or "politically correct" but totally at odds with what the original author really meant.

References in periodicals archive ?
En esto, su empresa se asemeja a la exegesis practicada por los Padres y los autores medievales, que buscaban el <<sentido espiritual>> no tanto en las palabras, sino en los hechos relatados en la Biblia.
This article will therefore proceed by examining some of the difficulties in studying patristic exegesis in a period in which the historicalcritical method is the standard and almost the sole way of studying Scripture, then by examining two contrasting evaluations of Origen's exegesis by Raymond E.
Francis Martin and Brant Pitre acknowledge the crucial role of historical-critical exegesis, but attack the false dichotomy between "scientific exegesis" and "spiritual interpretation," which fosters the primacy of a hermeneutic of skepticism (35).
Through the Expositiones Hildegard develops a distinctive exegesis for a female audience that in turn 'speaks to multiple audiences', like her other visionary and epistolary works.
In the second chapter the author examines the different ways in which Radak makes use of midrashic teachings as exegesis of the biblical text.
Her account of visual exegesis builds on the work of O'Kane, and Paolo Berdini's The Religious Art of Jacopo Bassano: Painting as Visual Exegesis, which is, however, criticised for subordinating the visualization of a text to a reading of the text, and thus failing to develop sufficiently the visual character of visual exegesis.
En cualquier caso la paradoja de la incompatibilidad o de la no conformidad surge cuando se comprueba como la exegesis biblica de Aquino tambien habria tratado de evitar dos estrategias igualmente negativas que posteriormente aparecerian a la hora de tratar de contrarrestar la paradoja literaria del narrador omnisciente (cuando se vuelve incapaz de controlar los mayores margenes de libertad que otorga a los distintos personajes, volviendose cada vez mas insensible ante la aparicion de aquellas formas de sufrimiento que ellos mismos provocan con su consentimiento), dando lugar a dos posturas igualmente negativas.
Let us note that by the time scientific exegesis appeared as a fully differentiated field, the discourse on the relationship between Islam and science had already witnessed a break with Islamic intellectual tradition and modern Western science had already achieved the stature of an arbitrator in matters which were, by definition, beyond its scope.
Bucer differs from Luther in his willingness to use Jewish exegesis, but he agrees with Luther in using his exegesis to combat the errors of the Jews.
Young Kamel Smida won, in Jordan, the second prize of the 18th edition of the International Hashemite Competition for Memorising of the Koran, in recognition of his memorisation of 40 chapters of the Holy Koran while Young Hamza Jaber ranked among the top ten at Cairo's 18th competition for reciting, psalmody and exegesis of the Koran
The exegesis of this verse is controversial and the translation mentioned in one of the editions of the holy Quran is: Men are the protector and maintainers of women.
Spier there are six further essays which discuss Jewish art and biblical exegesis in the Greco-Roman world, the emergence of Christian art, the nature of early Christian images and exegesis, the relationship between Constantine the Great and this early art, church decoration after it emerged as the religion of the empire, and early decorated Bibles.