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physical fitness

physical fitness, combined good health and physical development. The object of any program of physical fitness is to maximize an individual's health, strength, endurance, and skill relative to age, sex, body build, and physiology. These ends can only be realized through conscientious regulation of exercise, rest, diet, and periodic medical and dental examinations. Exercise should be regular and vigorous, but begun slowly and only gradually increased in strenuousness. Short periods of vigorous exercise repeated several times during a day can be as beneficial to physical health as one longer daily session. Popular exercise methods include jogging, cycling, and the use of body-building machines. It is more important that periods of sleep be regular and restful than that they extend any fixed number of hours. A properly balanced diet in proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals is essential. Conscientious dental hygiene and periodic checkups are also strongly advised. Complete and regular physical examinations should be the basis of any program of physical development. Tobacco smoking, as well as alcohol and drug consumption, are counterproductive to any physical fitness program. Although sports are related to physical fitness, care must be taken that injuries do not occur, and that the skin is adequately protected against the cancerous effects of solar radiation.


See historical study by J. Whorton (1982).

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1. US and Canadian a ceremony or formal routine, esp at a school or college
2. Gymnastics a particular type of event, such as performing on the horizontal bar
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Now that we have established how often a beginner exerciser and an experienced exerciser should take rest days, let's determine what constitutes a rest day.
People of all fitness levels can benefit from bodyweight exercises due to the ease in which the movements can be modified according to the exerciser's needs.
class="MsoNormalA third group, who had worked out four or five times a week for years, were classified as committed exercisers. class="MsoNormalAnd a fourth group, who exercised six or seven times a week and competed in sports, were marked as athletes.
However, committed exercisers (4-5 times per week) also had more youthful large central arteries, which provide blood to the chest and abdomen, in addition to healthier middle-sized ones.
Exercisers who fell in the middle in terms of intensity were also at reduced risk, though to a lesser degree.
Sixty healthy adults as controls and 60 aerobic exercisers were conscripted into the three groups, each group comprising 20 individuals.
* Emergency room visits 50 percent lower than employees who did not exercise (comparison was made between employees who were overweight and moderate exercisers, and employees who were overweight and non-exercisers).
As per the PEFR, it has increased from 0.96 per cent to 5.24 per cent among outdoor exercisers for corresponding lower to higher limits of PM2.5 concentrations at study locations.
Prior to the current study on physical self-perceptions among female intercollegiate athletes, regular exercisers, and nonexercisers, much of the research was focused on physically active versus nonphysically active females; physical self-esteem had not been examined among intercollegiate female athletes using the Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP).
The HIIT movement (high-intensity interval training) has been gaining popularity among elite athletes and serious, younger, well-conditioned exercisers for several years.
* If exercisers lose too much fluid in sweat without replacing what they've lost in fluids and electrolytes, they risk dehydration.