The capacitor stores air compressed by the turbocharger during the exhaust stroke
, then uses the pressure in the vessel to force air into the cylinder during the intake stroke.
The power stroke occurs 0-180 degrees CA followed by the exhaust stroke
(180-360 degrees CA), intake stroke (360-540 degrees CA), and compression stroke (540-720 degrees CA).
During the four-stroke cycle, you might find that the exhaust stroke
is not fully successful some of the exhaust gases remain within the cylinder, which might mix with the incoming intake charge.
meaning that the mag doesn't fire into the exhaust stroke
, but it does fire into a fuel/air charge that's already well into combustion.
Thus during the exhaust stroke
there is a chance for the exhaust gases to escape from the combustion chamber which increases the volumetric efficiency of the engine.
The membrane, which is constructed from corrosion-resistant spring material, is larger than the piston and is fixed in such a way that it can be bumped by the piston at the extreme of the exhaust stroke
and flexed open while producing little or no noise and incurring no mechanical damage.
The exhaust stroke
occurs when the leading decreasing chamber volume (as the chamber moves uphill) forces the exhaust out, starting the cycle anew.
Figure 28, Figure 29 and Figure 30 demonstrate the oil film thickness on the liner after the first ring, the second ring, and the OCR respectively during the exhaust stroke
. In the expansion stroke, the ring pack had good conformability to the liner due to an increase of surrounding pressure.
The fail-safe cam profile is achieved by the brake gas recirculation event during the positive power exhaust stroke
being higher lift than the valve lash in the exhaust valvetrain (so higher lift than the other 3 brake cam events) when the actuator piston is retracted.
The exhaust stroke
cam profile has changed for required position of the follower under acceleration and retardation motion.
They operate on the same 4-stroke principle as your car engine or other 4-cycle engines, that is, intake, compression, power and exhaust strokes
, The Gade difference is that it does not have a traditional exhaust stroke
where, after traveling to bottom dead center on the power stroke, the piston pushes the hot burned gases up out of the top of the cylinder on the exhaust stroke
The inlet valve opens 4.5deg before TDC during exhaust stroke