exocarp


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Related to exocarp: pericarp, endocarp

exocarp

[′ek·sō‚kärp]
(botany)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Besides that, in contrast to previous studies (Janzen, 1971; Wright, 1983; Henderson, 2002), and in accordance to Pimentel and Tabarelli (2004), my results also pointed out that endocarp infestation by bruchids may occur even in the absence of exocarp removal by vertebrates.
Exocarp is the cutinized layer of epidermal cells forming the outer layer of the pericarp.
Fragments of exocarp were found at the feeding station on numerous occasions during both periods of the study.
Fruit obovoid to 2 cm high and 1.8 cm in diameter, often with abortive carpels visible and more or less developed, exocarp nearly smooth when fresh, red at maturity, dotted with lenticels, perianth with triangular petals, staminodes triangular, obtuse at apex, to 2 mm long, sometimes with abortive anther.
A physical dormancy might be facilitated by the existence of a hard exocarp (Baskin & Baskin 1989) as observed in C.
Food categories applied to stomach contents were: (1) fruits and seeds-remains of testa, endosperm, exocarp, or individual minute seeds; (2) green foliage-leaf or stem tissues; (3) larval insects-nonsclerotized soft-bodies; (4) adult insects-sclerotized parts such as antennae, elytra, mouthparts, wings, or appendages; and (5) animal matter-primarily muscle tissue and hair.
In some cases European terms are used rather than their North American equivalents (epicarp vs exocarp).