Bleaching also occurs among other molluscs: some bivalves host exocellular
photosymbiotic dinoflagellates (Norton et al., 1992; Vermeij, 2013) and can also experience bleaching under thermal stress, reduced salinity, or excessive light exposure (Norton et al., 1995; Buck et al., 2002; Maboloc et al., 2015).
Concentration and shear-rate dependence of the viscosity of an exocellular
Purification and characterization of a novel exocellular
keratinase from Kocuria rosea.
Effect of pH on exocellular
riboflavin production by Eremothecium ashbyii.
Gellan gum is an exocellular
polysaccharide secreted from the bacterium Sphingomonas elodea and consists of repeating tetrasaccharide of glucuronic acid, rhamnose, and glucose [26, 27].
enzymes release nutrients and facilitate dissemination through the stratum corneum.
Rodriguez-Valera, "The structure of the exocellular
polysaccharide produced by the Archaeon Haloferax gibbonsii (ATCC 33959)," Carbohydrate Research, vol.
proteolytic activity of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis: cleavage of components associated with the basement membrane," Medical Mycology, vol.
Dekker, "Antiproliferative and proapoptotic effects of three fungal exocellular
[beta]-glucans in MCF-7 breast cancer cells is mediated by oxidative stress, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and the Forkhead transcription factor, FOXO3a," The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, vol.
Loones, "Structure of an exocellular
polysaccharide produced by Streptococcus thermophilus," Carbohydrate Research, vol.
Use of Bacilli for overproduction of exocellular
endo-beta-1,4-glucanase encoded by cloned gene.
Herein, the improvement of mechanical strength by pullulan loading can be attributed to the chemical structure of pullulan, which is an exocellular
homopolysaccharide and a linear mix of [alpha]-D-glucan consisting mainly of maltotriose repeating units interconnected by [alpha]-1,6 linkages.