exogamy

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exogamy

(ĕksŏg`əmē): see marriagemarriage,
socially sanctioned union that reproduces the family. In all societies the choice of partners is generally guided by rules of exogamy (the obligation to marry outside a group); some societies also have rules of endogamy (the obligation to marry within a group).
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exogamy

a rule prescribing marriage outside a given social group. The group may belong to a LINEAGE, CASTE, CLASS, ethnic affiliation or other social classification. Structural anthropologists have seen this practice as an exchange of women between groups which contributes to social stability. It may, therefore, be enforced by the use of INCEST TABOOs. The converse of exogamy is ENDOGAMY.

Exogamy

 

the practice of marrying only outside one’s own group, as prescribed by law or custom in the age of the primitive communal system. The ban could apply to marriages within one’s family group (such as the clan or phratry) or, more rarely, to marriages within one’s regional group or community. The prohibition against such marriages was retained in later times.

There are numerous theories concerning the origin of exogamy; the theories basically fall into three groups. Some researchers, including L. H. Morgan, believe the practice arose from the need to avoid the possibly harmful consequences of marriages between blood relatives. Others, including E. Tylor, A. M. Zolota-rev, and C. Levi-Strauss, regard it as an attempt to expand social contacts and initiate relations with other groups. Still others, including S. P. Tolstov and Iu. I. Semenov, regard it as a means of establishing social peace within a group, since sexual relations and the conflicts that accompany them are thus carried beyond the confines of the group.

REFERENCES

Engels, F. Proiskhozhdenie sem’i, chastnoi sobstvennosti i gosudarstva. In K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed, vol. 21.
Semenov, Iu. I. Proiskhozhdenie braka i sem’i. Moscow, 1974.
Pervobytnoe obshchestvo: Osnovnye problemy razvitiia. Moscow, 1975.

exogamy

[ek′säg·ə·mē]
(genetics)
Union of gametes from organisms that are not closely related. Also known as outbreeding.
References in periodicals archive ?
These intra-Latinx subjectivities are informed by exogamous marriages across generations with Latinos and other communities as well.
This regulatory role of family is displayed in Sir Thomas's attempt to regulate Fanny's "deployment of sexuality" through the enforcement of an exogamous "alliance" with Henry.
In our framework, exogamous households are more mobile and better able to exploit differences in production opportunities across communities through migration.
For rather too long, proponents of the dependency or modernization theory of Africa's underdevelopment have overstretched the role of exogamous factors, particularly the slave trade and colonialism, in the underdevelopment of Africa.
Among British Protestants a little over half of all exogamous marriages are cross-religion.
Since the 1960s, the force of these practices has lessened, and, as a result of social change, society now accepts exogamous marriages based on the concepts of love and mutual attraction (Grace, 2004).
Due to the matrifocial exogamous marriage patterns found throughout much of rural Thailand, men have traditionally needed to travel beyond village environs in order to find a suitable marriage partner whose family these men will marry into.
Drawing on nineteenth-century anthropologists such as John Ferguson McLennan, particularly the latter's theory of endogamy and exogamy, Michie shows how the heiress complicates the model of heterosexual exchange since she cannot enter into an exogamous marriage in which her wealth exits the group/family but must remain within an endogamous union.
The differences between these two communities persisted (in 1900, for example) but gradually cohabitation and exogamous marriages became more common in Saint Denis, and the average age of brides rose to become similar to that of the Parisian working class overall.
for those descended from exogamous marriages than those from endogamous ones" (2003: 28).
The Nuba are an exogamous society -- that is, marriage within the clan is being forbidden.
Judith Butler observes that in Levi-Strauss's structuralist anthropology the female body is acculturated through the exogamous processes of exchange upon which heterosexual, patriarchal societies are founded: