exogamy


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exogamy

(ĕksŏg`əmē): see marriagemarriage,
socially sanctioned union that reproduces the family. In all societies the choice of partners is generally guided by rules of exogamy (the obligation to marry outside a group); some societies also have rules of endogamy (the obligation to marry within a group).
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exogamy

a rule prescribing marriage outside a given social group. The group may belong to a LINEAGE, CASTE, CLASS, ethnic affiliation or other social classification. Structural anthropologists have seen this practice as an exchange of women between groups which contributes to social stability. It may, therefore, be enforced by the use of INCEST TABOOs. The converse of exogamy is ENDOGAMY.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Exogamy

 

the practice of marrying only outside one’s own group, as prescribed by law or custom in the age of the primitive communal system. The ban could apply to marriages within one’s family group (such as the clan or phratry) or, more rarely, to marriages within one’s regional group or community. The prohibition against such marriages was retained in later times.

There are numerous theories concerning the origin of exogamy; the theories basically fall into three groups. Some researchers, including L. H. Morgan, believe the practice arose from the need to avoid the possibly harmful consequences of marriages between blood relatives. Others, including E. Tylor, A. M. Zolota-rev, and C. Levi-Strauss, regard it as an attempt to expand social contacts and initiate relations with other groups. Still others, including S. P. Tolstov and Iu. I. Semenov, regard it as a means of establishing social peace within a group, since sexual relations and the conflicts that accompany them are thus carried beyond the confines of the group.

REFERENCES

Engels, F. Proiskhozhdenie sem’i, chastnoi sobstvennosti i gosudarstva. In K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed, vol. 21.
Semenov, Iu. I. Proiskhozhdenie braka i sem’i. Moscow, 1974.
Pervobytnoe obshchestvo: Osnovnye problemy razvitiia. Moscow, 1975.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

exogamy

[ek′säg·ə·mē]
(genetics)
Union of gametes from organisms that are not closely related. Also known as outbreeding.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
But given Oreo's negotiation of the conflation of whiteness and Jewishness, Jacob's ultimatum merits consideration alongside larger American Jewish cultural conversations about continuity, endogamy, and exogamy. In 1974, the same year Ross published Oreo, the Board of Jewish Education ran the following copy in the New York Times: "If You're Jewish Chances Are Your Grandchildren Won't Be." The fine print continues, "That's right.
But in that case it is from totemic rather than human eponyms, and exogamy rules are far less restrictive.
Contrary to the received wisdom that exogamy necessarily attenuates Jewish identity, the intermarriage plot in Other Things Being Equal sets in motion a journey that brings Wolf's protagonist closer to her Jewishness, but one that at the same time compels a redefinition of what it means to be Jewish and American.
In our approach, there are two advantages of exogamy. First, households in which spouses come from different communities are more mobile.
"On Neurotic Exogamy." In Clinical Papers and Essays on Psychoanalysis, 48-50.
(16) There are, of course, various prohibitions against exogamy in the Hebrew scripture.
This fact, combined with the greater racial exogamy of black men, reduces the odds of marriage for black women.
Table 01: Inbreeding rate (Generation of index cases and generation of their parents) Generation Endogamy % Exogamy % Total GSC 61,25 38,75 100 GHP 98,67 1,33 100 GWP 92,21 7,79 100 Table 02: Comparison of inbreeding rates ([N.sub.ci] = 80, [N.sub.p] = 75, N = 77 and a = 5% = 1.96).
This so resonates with my more feebly expressed conviction that the bride in traditional exogamy is the originary diasporic, redefining exile, that I rejoice.
Also, it must be based on healthy biodiversity and the practice of exogamy, that is a large number of scholars that represent several research teams working from numerous highly reputable universities in several countries.
Women's lack of economic power, male dominance within the family, dependence on sons for old age support, high dowries, patrilineal clans, and marital exogamy have been the principal suggested forces compelling parents, both mothers and fathers, to favour sons over daughters.
Fait a noter, dans le volume de L'Annee sociologique qui parut en 1913 et qui fut la dernier (de la premiere serie), FEVR fut l'objet de deux comptes rendus: le premier, qui portait aussi sur l'ouvrage de Lucien Levy-Bruhl, Les Fonctions mentales dans les societes inferieures et le deuxieme, etait signe par Durkheim seul; le deuxieme, qui portait aussi sur un autre ouvrage, celui de James Frazer, Totemism and Exogamy (1911), etait signe par Durkheim et Marcel Mauss.