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Abnormal protrusion of the eyeball from the orbit.



protrusion of the eyeball. Exophthalmos is most commonly caused by diffuse toxic goiter. It may also be caused by a tumor in the eyeball or adjacent regions, trauma of the eyeball, thrombosis of the orbital veins, and inflammatory diseases. If pronounced, exophthalmos may be accompanied by limited mobility of the eyeball and impairment of vision. Therapy is based on the cause of the condition.

References in periodicals archive ?
Dunlap H, Kepler E: A syndrome resembling familial periodic paralysis occurring in the course of exophthalmic goiter.
But this, thank heaven, we can now do, and the hair of the dog that didn't bite you will cure 90 per cent of all cases of simple goiter and greatly improve even the severest exophthalmic forms.
Also, it must be remembered that, in the keen attention focused on every form of goiter in all the children of the community by these tests, a number of cases of mild exophthalmic goiter have been discovered which would otherwise have escaped notice.