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Abnormal protrusion of the eyeball from the orbit.



protrusion of the eyeball. Exophthalmos is most commonly caused by diffuse toxic goiter. It may also be caused by a tumor in the eyeball or adjacent regions, trauma of the eyeball, thrombosis of the orbital veins, and inflammatory diseases. If pronounced, exophthalmos may be accompanied by limited mobility of the eyeball and impairment of vision. Therapy is based on the cause of the condition.

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Exophthalmus sp: Se contaron todos los adultos presentes en el follaje de las 40 plantas de cada tratamiento.
En el continente Americano se han registrado 13 generos de picudos que afectan a los citricos; entre los de mayor importancia estan Artipus, Diaprepes, Exophthalmus, Pachnaeus, Pantomorus, Otiorrhynchus, Naupactus, Teratopactus, Litostylus y Compsus (Woodruff 1985; Davies y Albrigo 1994; Guedes et al.
Other symptoms may include exophthalmus, diplopia, and loss of visual acuity.