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expatriation, loss of nationality. Such loss is usually, although not necessarily, voluntary. Generally it applies to those persons who have renounced nationality and citizenship in one country to become citizens or subjects of another. According to U.S. law, for example, a citizen who becomes naturalized in a foreign state is automatically expatriated. In addition, expatriation occurs when a naturalized citizen resides in his native land for two years or elsewhere outside the United States for five years, or when any citizen serves in the public employment or military of a foreign state. Prior to 1922 an American woman who married an alien was expatriated, but in that year the Cable Act nullified that provision and stipulated that a woman may retain her citizenship when marrying an alien “unless she makes a formal renunciation of her citizenship.” The United States, in common with other countries, forbids voluntary expatriation in time of war. Expatriation may also occur involuntarily, as when a government chooses to renounce its obligations to individuals who desert in wartime. Such persons are stateless until naturalization under some other government takes place. A more general type of involuntary expatriation is the loss of nationality that occurs with the cession or conquest of a territory. The common law view that one's allegiance cannot be renounced without the state's permission prevailed until 1868 when the United States challenged this doctrine in order to protect its naturalized immigrants against the claims of their native states, which did not recognize the right of subjects to expatriate themselves. Congress declared voluntary expatriation to be “a natural and inherent right of all people,” and announced that the United States would protect its naturalized citizens abroad, even in their native countries. Great Britain abandoned the common-law interpretation in 1870. Many other nations, however, including France and Russia, do not recognize expatriation. The United States at present has treaties operating with most European nations concerning that and other conflicting interpretations of citizenship.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



deprivation of citizenship, voluntary renunciation of citizenship, or the leaving of one’s country through emigration or exile abroad. The conditions and consequences of these acts are defined by the laws of the individual countries, including laws governing citizenship, and by international agreements. The term “expatriation” lacks a precise legal content and is going out of use. It is not used in current Soviet legislation.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
As part of ongoing reforms in the administration of expatriate quota, Ehuriah said, 'approval was recently granted by the appropriate authorities for the re-validation of Expatriate Quota on Permanent Until Reviewed (PUR) status.
Female managers and MNCs have the responsibility to play a role in breaking the "expatriate glass ceiling." Women managers who desire expatriate assignments must be more proactive in managing their careers.
He pointed to the ongoing efforts to implement the unified window system that draw all services to facilitate the administrative procedure for the expatriates.
Despite this fact, the NGOs Coordination Board still insists on being furnished with evidence that: the position was advertised in Kenya and there is a Kenyan understudy earmarked to take over from the expatriate when the term expires.
Summary: The new initiative if implemented will provide a reliable post-retirement saving to expatriates
Barrister Amjad Malik said OPAC was constituted in accordance with the vision of the Prime Minister to get feedback, involve expatriates in the process of policy making and provide them maximum facilities at their doorstep.
All these possibilities should be taken into account when imposing fees on expatriate workers and their dependents.
To attract more people to do business here, Oman is expected to pass a foreign investment law that would allow expatriates to establish SMEs (small and medium enterprises), with an investment of just OMR150,000 without a sponsor.
From an educational perspective, a total of 649.380 expatriate workers registered on April have intermediate certificate, including (68,822 females and 580, 558 males), while 475,427 including (54,360 females and 421,067 males),categorized as being able to read and write.
To preclude failure, adjusting the expatriate to the host country is indispensable.
If one were to take an average of the salaries based on the higher end of each salary slab, 10pc of the total expatriate salary per annum comes to about BD136 million.