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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) A specialist (in, for example, an area of science, technology, or art) who is invited to help study problems whose solution requires specialized knowledge (see).

(2) In law, a person who has specialized knowledge and is asked to conduct an examination (see). The request may come from agencies of investigation, the court, other governmental agencies (such as an arbitration tribunal), or nongovernmental agencies (such as an arbitration board). In the USSR the work of an expert is regulated by procedural legislation and statutes that pertain to the institutions conducting examinations. Questions that are decided by an expert should not involve the juridical aspects of a criminal or civil case. Conclusions are presented by the expert in written form. The expert may be held criminally responsible for knowingly giving a false conclusion or for refusing without reason to present his conclusion.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Descriptive statistics for the other dependent variables were consistent with established norms (Expertness, M = 16.22, SD = 5.89; Attractiveness, M = 16.07, SD = 5.33; Trustworthiness, M = 18.54, SD = 3.93; Depth, M = 19.63, SD = 5.08; Smoothness, M = 22.32, SD = 5.14).
* Students created original and public products; they gained some form of "expertness."
This is our entry into the international oil and mineral market where our expertness in exploration, exploitation and marketing is being made available to other oil producers, some of whom like those in eastern Europe, have a considerable task in overtaking sophisticated Western practices.
When Whitaker wants effects, he does his tricks with a sure, quick expertness, zooming in and out on the gold teeth and fancy sneakers of a drug dealer, or freezing on a 5-year-old girl in a party dress as she finds herself staring at a gun.
He was a skilled horseman and an expert with the lasso, and later his expertness became part of a vaudeville act in which the circlings of the lasso were interspersed with seemingly naive, but in reality very shrewd, wisecracks.
In my opinion an appropriate definition of skill should recognize the structural aspect of quality and expertness of labour.
Based on previous findings, it was expected that those who read the positive vignette would express more positive attitudes toward counseling (Expertness, Stigma Tolerance, Intent) than those who read the neutral vignette (hypothesis 1), and would express less fear of counseling (Therapist Responsiveness, Image Concerns, Coercion Concerns; hypothesis 2).
Rightly or wrongly, the title "Doctor" emphasizes the bearer's expertness. It also establishes an additional distance between the "Doctor" and the student or between the expert and the non-expert.
The 10-item instrument consists of four dimensions (expertness, attractiveness, trustworthiness, and utility).
Corrigan and Schmidt revised the original CRF, which was developed to assess counselor's attractiveness, expertness, and trustworthiness, to the CRF-S, a shorter 12-item scale that consists of three 4-item subscales.
Measures of social influence strategies included personal coercion, compromise, expertness and personal reward.

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