explicit memory


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explicit memory

[ik‚splis·ət ′mem·rē]
(psychology)
A type of memory that has the self as the agent or experiencer of the event in question and requires conscious recall; for example, memory of facts, episodes, and images. Also known as declarative memory.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this work we analyzed implicit and explicit memory of rats submitted to lesions in serotonergic groups (B5, B6, B7, B8 and B9) using classic maze with food and Morris water maze.
In addition, we noted that visual attention may have an influence on explicit memory that is different from the influence it has on implicit memory.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanisms to improve encoding of words in the explicit memory task under WW versus WP, and sentence context versus null sentence conditions, in both HOA and persons with mild AD.
Since this initial study, several other cases of amnesiac patients, with lesions in the MTL, and related explicit memory deficits, have been reported (Insausti, Annese, Amaral, & Squire, 2013; Rempel-Clower, Zola, Squire, & Amaral, 1996; Smith, Urgolites, Hopkins, & Squire, 2013).
(16,17) This is the first case we are aware of that has such discrete lesions in two different locations (globus pallidus and hippocampus) that correlate with clinical deficits in explicit memory (hippocampus) and procedural memory (globus pallidus).
Adriana's explicit memory of the emotional and physical abuse at the hands of Gerardo also triggers incorporative memories that remind Adriana how traditional patriarchal gender roles in Mexico can devalue women.
Explicit memory is of particular interest because it focuses on the potential of consciousness of the individual and their effort to recover information (PALLER et al.,2009), considered by Wood et al.
The top of the iceberg emerging above water represents explicit memory and the larger portion of the iceberg under the water represents implicit memory.
While the physical or explicit memory of an experience with a loved one may disappear, the emotional benefits -- feelings of familiarity, happiness, comfort and security -- will remain for some time.
Thefirst study regarding exercise-induced neuron apoptosis was reported in 2011, which indicated that exercise can activate apoptosis pathway in hippocampus 24 h after exercise.[sup][3] A study from Japan also indicated severe exercise can cause morphological apoptosis in hippocampus, but not in mild exercise.[sup][4] What's more, a cohort research confirmed exercise-induced CNS dysfunction, which declared the explicit memory of marathon runner was impaired (hippocampus dysfunction) immediately on completing this extreme exercise.[sup][5] Our previous study had proved one bout of swimming exhaustion (Ex) can cause notable apoptosis and synapse damage in rat hippocampus, which may lead to impaired learning and memory ability.[sup][6]
Miller and lead author Scott Brincat, a research scientist at the Picower Institute, examined activity in the brain as it forms a type of memory called explicit memory -- memory for facts and events.
Implicit memory is moderated by a memory system with the exception of the medial-temporal diencephalic one that forms the foundation of explicit memory. The cognitive capability to handle rather intricate stimuli (Britzman, 2015) is indexed by self-reporting.

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