Expropriation

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Expropriation

 

(1) In law, the forced alienation of property, with or without compensation, by the government. Both real property (for example, land used for railroads or unpaved roads) and movable property (such as precious metals) may be expropriated. Depending on whether or not compensation is paid, expropriation may take the form of requisition or confiscation.

(2) The removal by one social class of another class’s property and social status. Within a class, the term “expropriation” is applied to the removal by one stratum of another stratum’s property and status—for example, a legislative act secularizing church lands. Immediately after the victory of the Great October Socialist Revolution of 1917, the Soviet government expropriated substantial portions of the property of the former exploiting classes.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This study has been added in order to demonstrate that education boards have too much statutory power with respect to their ability to expropriate. The second study takes the form of a case commentary regarding the Scott Park expropriation in Hamilton, Ontario and is designed to illustrate two points.
The farmers told WAFA that the Israeli military informed the Palestinian liaison office that it intends to expropriate land in the village of Shofeh in order to open roads and build playgrounds and other recreational facilities for the benefit of Avnei Hefetz settlement.
The Cabinet issued a decision last month to expropriate 388,000 square meters of olive groves in Soma in order to build a thermal power plant.
Doghlous told Gulf News that the Israeli military decision to expropriate the land is an extremely dangerous decision and he has urged US mediators to put pressure on the Israelis to reverse its decision and leave the land to its original owners.
Kyrgyzstan has the right to regulate, control foreign investments, as well as to nationalize, expropriate and transfer property, declared Vice Speaker Kubanychbek Isabekov during a meeting of the parliamentary faction of the Communist party today focused on nationalization of Kumtor mine referring to the article 2 of the Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States.Such a document was submitted for review of the Government last year, but not reply followed yet, he said.
A federal district court in Florida rejected their lawsuit in May, saying the Supreme Court has recognized the power of the Cuban government to expropriate property within its borders.
So far, figures of authority have been known to expropriate property, levy taxes, and make arrests on the basis of their own personal interests, while pocketing the goods and taxes extorted from religious communities under the threat of expropriations and imprisonment, said AsiaNews.
For that to happen, Latin American presidents must buy or expropriate if necessary fallow lands, paying market-value compensation.
The announcement has been issued just two days before the government is scheduled to start negotiations with the farmers, who have been protesting against government plans to expropriate their land.
Accustomed to a longstanding political monopoly in the western state, the PRI launched an aggressive campaign against Cardenas, complete with pamphlets warning of the candidates' plans to enlist a communist social order and expropriate lands.
The land was jointly owned by the residents, but ownership was transferred to the association in March after a metropolitan government committee decided last October to expropriate the land following receipt of an appeal from the association in 1996.
He also asked the court to issue a writ of possession authorizing More Power to expropriate Peco's distribution assets.