Female: pinkish purple; caudal fin truncate with corners slightly exserted
, mostly yellow with rays dusky pink proximally (western Indian Ocean: southwestern India) P.
Corolla gamopetalous, tubular-campanulate, infundibuliform, campanulate or hypocrateriform, sometimes with bilabiate apex, aestivation imbricate, zygomorphic; stamens included or exserted
, 4, rarely reduced to 2, didynamous, staminode reduced, glabro, rarely elongate and pilose; filaments adnate to the corolla at the base; anthers commonly divergent, generally glabrous, rarely pilose; pollen grains many, in monads, rarely in tetrads or polyads; nectariferous disk generally present; gynoecium bicarpellate, bilocular; ovary superior, multiovulate, placentation axial, stigma bilamelate, lobes sensitive (closing after contact with pollinator).
4.5-7 cm long (exserted
portion 1.5-2.5 cm long), the uppermost sessile or short-peduncled; lowermost bracts with blades ca.
where SN is the cumulative number of exposed silks on one ear, S[N.sub.x] is the potential number of silks per ear equal to the potential number of florets, [t.sub.0] is the time when the first silk is exserted
(day of year), and b is a shape parameter controlling the slope of the curve.
Florets isomorphic, bisexual, corolla bilabiate, outer lip expanded; anthers brown to purple, exserted
, apical appendages acute, slightly coiled at the apex, tails papillose, connate; style rose-colored, bifid, branches dorsally smooth.
But characters related to the delicate petals appendages that are hardly observed in herbarium specimens were improved: they are comparatively longer (to 4.8 cm long), equaling 3/4 of the corolla length to exceeding it (exserted
) in a undescribed species from Minas Gerais (i.e., Leme et al.
Rachilla 8-11 mm long and projecting beyond orifice of perigynium, the exserted
portion 4-5.6 mm long, smooth, whitish green or stramineous to brownish, the hook 1.6-2 mm long and stramineous or pale brown.
If panicles had not completely exserted
within 30 d after emergence, complete panicle exsertion was arbitrarily set to 3 d beyond the last sampling date and panicle length determined by dissection.
Florets isomorphic, bisexual, corolla bilabiate, glabrous; anthers tan to brown, often white at the apex, exserted
, apical appendages acuminate, tails slightly papillose, connate with the tails of adjacent stamens; style bifid, branches dorsally smooth.
120 in number, 25 mm long, spirally arranged, suberect to erect; sepals lanceolate, mucronate, pink, darker at the apex, densely white lepidote outside, 14 mm long, 5 mm wide; petals spathulate, white at the base, very dark purple in the exserted
portion, 20 mm long, 9 mm wide, twisted together after anthesis; stamens included, to 13 mm long; filaments white; anthers 3 mm long, fixed above the middle, dark purple; pollen yellow.