exstrophy


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exstrophy

[′ek·strə·fē]
(medicine)
Eversion; the turning inside out of a part.
References in periodicals archive ?
Boys who are born with epispadias or classic exstrophy have a congenital absence of the urethral sphincter mechanism.
Both patients and their families were flown to Qatar thanks to the combined efforts of Qatar Foundation (QF), the Association for Bladder Exstrophy Community (A-BE-C), Sidra and HMC.
Association of omphalocele minor, bladder exstrophy and also inguinal hernia as in our case, was not reported earlier.
Associated anomalies include inguinal hernia, cryptorchidism, and exstrophy of the bladder.
The OEI Scomplex (Omphalocele, exstrophy, imperforateanus, spinal defects).
We also excluded patients with neurogenic bladder, VUR grade V, and history of bladder exstrophy, due to the complexity of these cases and their variability of success with endoscopic injection.
(61) Notably, patients with congenital bladder dysfunction due to neurologic abnormalities, exstrophy, and posterior urethral valves who are treated with intermittent catheterization, whether or not they undergo augmentation, have an increased risk of TCC compared to the general population (3- to 4-fold).
INTRODUCTION: OEIS (Omphalocele Exstrophy of cloaca Imperforate anus and Spinal defects) complex is a rare fetal polymalformation of uncertain etiology, has been regarded as sporadic in nature with a low recurrence risk.It results from abnormal closure of ventricular abdominal due to failure of convergence of cephalo-caudal and lateral folidings of embryo during blastogenesis associated with defective development of cloaca and urogenital septum.
He had a medical history of bladder exstrophy and he had underwent multiple intra-abdominal surgical interventions for this condition.
The EEC covers a spectrum with different severity levels, ranging from epispadias (E) representing the mildest form, with lower and upper fissure, to the full picture of classical bladder exstrophy (CEB), and exstrophy of the cloaca (EC)--often also referred to as OEIS (omphalocele, exstrophy, imperforate anus and spinal defects) complex--as the most severe form.
It is believed that cystitis glandularis has the potential tendency to deteriorate the bladder and induce a bladder adenocarcinoma.[sup.2]-[sup.7] Usually, cystitis glandularis would be treated with surgery.[sup.7,8] The disease could be induced by chronic bladder inflammation, stones, obstruction, neurogenic bladder, the bladder exstrophy and other primary disease, but there is no satisfactory evidence about the link until now.
The nephrogenic adenoma constitutes an infrequent benign metaplasia of the urothelial mucosa, probably underestimated in literature.[sup.5] It could be recognized in most of cases within the bladder, but reports indicated it could also rarely be detected in other sites, such as the renal pelvis, ureter and bladder exstrophy, urethral diverticula, in an ileal conduit and in the bowel portion of an augmented bladder.[sup.1]