Itshayek, "Endovascular management of postoperative pseudoaneurysms of the external carotid artery
," Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, vol.
For example, if the internal carotid artery were blocked, the external carotid artery
on the same side could provide a new route for blood flow through the supraorbital or frontal artery.
Reconstruction of the ligated external carotid artery
for embolization of cervicofacial arteriovenous malformations.
Mack, "A Persistent Primitive Hypoglossal Artery Arising from the External Carotid Artery
Associated with Subarachnoid Hemorrhage," World Neurosurgery, vol.
The treatment of choice at The Headache Clinic in Johannesburg for intractable migraine where the pain has been positively diagnosed to originate in the terminal branches of the external carotid artery
is permanent surgical closure of the relevant vessels.
If most of the branches from external carotid artery
were interrupted, which in turn made the main part of the tumor keep attached to the ICA, new blood vessels derived from ICA become possible, then the tumor ends up with the major blood supply from ICA with the tumor growth and erosion into the ICA.
Both of these patients underwent external carotid artery
ligation, with 1 successfully controlling the patient's epistaxis.
We ICA: Internal carotid artery, ECA: External carotid artery
. consider that the methods for early diagnosis have recently increased and become more common.
Previous studies demonstrated that the origin of the LVA was extremely various such as from the thyrocervical trunk, BT, the common carotid artery, the external carotid artery
, and a common carotid trunk for LSA and LVA (Nonami et al, 1998).
In addition, type C fistulas are observed between meningeal branches of the external carotid artery
(ECA) and cavernous sinus, and type D fistulas develop between meningeal branches of both ECA and ICA and cavernous sinus .
Two ligatures were placed proximally and distally around the external carotid artery
. The distal ligature was tied off.
* Normally the common carotid artery bifurcates into an external carotid artery
and internal carotid artery at the level of upper lamina of thyroid cartilage.