diameter (redirected from external conjugate diameter)
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a. a straight line connecting the centre of a geometric figure, esp a circle or sphere, with two points on the perimeter or surface
b. the length of such a line
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
The diameter of a circle is the chord that passes through the center of the circle. Moreover, the diameter of a circle is the length of this chord, equal to two radii.
In analytic geometry the diameter of a conic section (or of a curve of the second order) is understood to mean the straight line that passes through the midpoints of a set of parallel chords. For central curves of the second order (circles, ellipses, hyperbolas) this is the straight line passing through the center of the curve. In the case of the parabola, all diameters are parallel to its axis.
The concept of the diameter of a circle as the length of a segment is applied to other geometric figures and to sets of a more general nature. The diameter of a figure (or a set in metric space) is precisely the upper bound of the distances between all possible pairs of points of this figure. In this sense, the diameter of an ellipse is equal to the length of the semimajor axis, and the diameter of a square is equal to the length of its diagonal.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
A line segment which passes through the center of a circle, and whose end points lie on the circle.
The length of such a line.
For a conic, any straight line that passes through the midpoints of all the chords of the conic that are parallel to a given chord.
For a set, the smallest number that is greater than or equal to the distance between every pair of points of the set.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The diameter of a graph
is the maximum value of the minimum
distance between any two nodes.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)
DiameterAn authentication, authorization and accounting (AAA) protocol that replaces RADIUS (Diameter is a play on the word RADIUS). Like RADIUS, Diameter uses a challenge/response method; however, unlike RADIUS, Diameter uses the reliable TCP and SCTP protocols rather than the unreliable UDP for transport. Diameter also supports error reporting and is better at scaling than RADIUS. See RADIUS, network access server and challenge/response.
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