extortion

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extortion,

in law, unlawful demanding or receiving by an officer, in his official capacity, of any property or money not legally due to him. Examples include requesting and accepting fees in excess of those allowed to him by statute or arresting a person and, with corrupt motives, demanding money or property unlawfully under pretense of duty. The taking of money or property is generally an essential element of the crime. In most states of the United States, extortion is more widely defined to include the obtaining of money or property of another by inducing his consent through wrongful use of fear, force, or authority of office; blackmailblackmail,
in law, exaction of money from another by threat of exposure of criminal action or of disreputable conduct. The term was originally used for the tribute levied until the 18th cent.
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, ransomransom,
price of redemption demanded by the captor of a person, vessel, or city. In ancient times cities frequently paid ransom to prevent their plundering by captors. The custom of ransoming was formerly sanctioned by law.
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, and threatthreat,
in law, declaration of intent to injure another by doing an unlawful act, with a view to restraining his freedom of action. A threat is distinguishable from an assault, for an assault requires some physical act that appears likely to eventuate in violence, whereas a
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 of force are included under this definition.

Extortion

 

in criminal law, a crime against property consisting of the demand to turn over property, or the rights to property, under threat of violence to the individual who controls or guards the property or to persons close to him, as well as under threat of making public damaging information about him or destroying the property. In this case, persons close to the owner include not only relatives but also other citizens who, threatened by violence, could influence the owner. Soviet law establishes criminal responsibility for extortion of state or societal property, as well as private property of citizens (arts. 95 and 148 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR and corresponding articles of the Criminal Codes of the other Union republics). Extortion is not covered in the codes of the Kirghiz, Uzbek, or Ukr SSR’s.

As distinct from such crimes as theft and robbery, in extortion the threat of violence is directed toward transferring property to the criminal and not toward overcoming the resistance of the victim; for this reason, when the threat of violence is made and the property is then handed over, the guilty party is responsible for both extortion and theft or extortion and robbery, depending on the nature of the violence.

The threat of exposing damaging information is called blackmail. For the crime of extortion the damaging information can be either real or false and slanderous. For example, according to the criminal codes of the Byelorussian, Kirghiz, and Tadzhik SSR’s, blackmail includes demanding property or the rights to property under the threat of exposing information that the victim wishes to keep secret. Extortion can be the means of committing some other crime, such as bribery.

Extortion of government or societal property is punished by loss of liberty for up to four years; extortion of personal property is punished by imprisonment for up to three years or corrective labor for up to one year.

IU. B. UTEVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Dubai: Dubai Police's Al Ameen Service has urged victims of online blackmail to be strong while facing the extortionists and contact authorities.
These extortionists reasoned that the very challenge of any key patent to a company would likely lead to a settlement given companies would understand their hands were tied to overcome any minor deficiency in claim drafting that might arise due to the broadest reasonable interpretation used by the USPTO by amendment of their claims.
If any extortionist claims that he is calling from inside the jail, the victim is more likely to give in to the demand as it proves the criminal's muscle power
JAL declared it had terminated its ties with extortionists in December last year, but police said they believe the case shows JAL continued its relations with sokaiya in various ways.
With the advent of Ramadan, businessmen and traders complained to the police that they were getting threats from extortionists despite a nine-month-old operation that has led to the arrest of 27,000 criminals and suspects.
The extortionist opened fire, however, no casualties were reported.
The Lahori group has the backing of SHO Khanna Liaqat who is close ally of extortionist Badar Muneer and Umar, the lahori group collect the extortion using the name of police, if some stall holder deny to pay the extortion, an FIR launched against him.
Earlier this month,five alleged criminals, including an extortionist, were arrested during operations in different parts of the metropolis.Rangers' spokesman said that the paramilitary forces carried out a targeted raid in Solider Bazaar and arrested an extortionist, Saeed Ahmed.
County Sheriff's Department's search into her personal computer, Mel Gibson's ex Oksana Grigorieva said: "I am not an extortionist."
The extortionist groups also backed by a person named Shahid Gul, who introduced him self as a lawyer.
PESHAWAR -- The Counter Terrorism Department (CTD) arrested an extortionist during an operation in the provincial capital on Saturday.
KARACHI -- Sindh Rangers on Wednesday apprehended eight suspects, including an alleged extortionist, from different parts of the metropolis.