extortion

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extortion,

in law, unlawful demanding or receiving by an officer, in his official capacity, of any property or money not legally due to him. Examples include requesting and accepting fees in excess of those allowed to him by statute or arresting a person and, with corrupt motives, demanding money or property unlawfully under pretense of duty. The taking of money or property is generally an essential element of the crime. In most states of the United States, extortion is more widely defined to include the obtaining of money or property of another by inducing his consent through wrongful use of fear, force, or authority of office; blackmailblackmail,
in law, exaction of money from another by threat of exposure of criminal action or of disreputable conduct. The term was originally used for the tribute levied until the 18th cent.
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, ransomransom,
price of redemption demanded by the captor of a person, vessel, or city. In ancient times cities frequently paid ransom to prevent their plundering by captors. The custom of ransoming was formerly sanctioned by law.
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, and threatthreat,
in law, declaration of intent to injure another by doing an unlawful act, with a view to restraining his freedom of action. A threat is distinguishable from an assault, for an assault requires some physical act that appears likely to eventuate in violence, whereas a
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 of force are included under this definition.

Extortion

 

in criminal law, a crime against property consisting of the demand to turn over property, or the rights to property, under threat of violence to the individual who controls or guards the property or to persons close to him, as well as under threat of making public damaging information about him or destroying the property. In this case, persons close to the owner include not only relatives but also other citizens who, threatened by violence, could influence the owner. Soviet law establishes criminal responsibility for extortion of state or societal property, as well as private property of citizens (arts. 95 and 148 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR and corresponding articles of the Criminal Codes of the other Union republics). Extortion is not covered in the codes of the Kirghiz, Uzbek, or Ukr SSR’s.

As distinct from such crimes as theft and robbery, in extortion the threat of violence is directed toward transferring property to the criminal and not toward overcoming the resistance of the victim; for this reason, when the threat of violence is made and the property is then handed over, the guilty party is responsible for both extortion and theft or extortion and robbery, depending on the nature of the violence.

The threat of exposing damaging information is called blackmail. For the crime of extortion the damaging information can be either real or false and slanderous. For example, according to the criminal codes of the Byelorussian, Kirghiz, and Tadzhik SSR’s, blackmail includes demanding property or the rights to property under the threat of exposing information that the victim wishes to keep secret. Extortion can be the means of committing some other crime, such as bribery.

Extortion of government or societal property is punished by loss of liberty for up to four years; extortion of personal property is punished by imprisonment for up to three years or corrective labor for up to one year.

IU. B. UTEVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
These extortionists reasoned that the very challenge of any key patent to a company would likely lead to a settlement given companies would understand their hands were tied to overcome any minor deficiency in claim drafting that might arise due to the broadest reasonable interpretation used by the USPTO by amendment of their claims.
If any extortionist claims that he is calling from inside the jail, the victim is more likely to give in to the demand as it proves the criminal's muscle power
JAL declared it had terminated its ties with extortionists in December last year, but police said they believe the case shows JAL continued its relations with sokaiya in various ways.
The LEA's had broken the backbone of extortionists and gang war criminals in Lyari who were behind killings of innocent people to extract money.
Police sources said that the arrested drug peddlers, Ali Raza and Abdul Majid, used to sell narcotics in posh areas of the city while extortionist Nauman was a proclaimed offender.
Karachi -- police have conducted a raid and arrested 5 persons including drug peddlers, street criminals, extortionists from Orangi Town, Momin Abad, Kharadar and Site areas of Karachi.
He said bio-metric verification was not necessary for VPTCL phones and that was why most extortionist have started using them.
The CTD sources said the arrested extortionist belonged to a banned outfit and was wanted to law enforcers in cases of extortion since long.
During initial interrogation the woman confessed that she has taken extortion money from 3 different individuals in the past and is an accomplice of notorious extortionist namely Imran alias Kawwa.
On a tip-off, the police raided a hideout in Baghdadi area and arrested the wpman extortionist identified as Fatima, and recovered extortion money from her possession.
Extortionist did not even spare high profile government officials and owner of small business as an explosion of Improvised Explosive Device took place near house of a trader in the jurisdiction of Yakatoot Police Station on Saturday morning.
According to Muhammad Rafiq, I received threatening calls from unidentified extortionist through unregistered sims who demanded extortion, however, I refused the fulfil their demands and faced the consequences.