Repeat DUS and CT examinations were performed at 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively, and the results revealed patent blood flow of the LRV (peak velocity 16 cm/s, 18 cm/s, and 18.5 cm/s, respectively, measured in the hilum portion, peak velocity within the stent was not measured as the effect of stent on ultrasound; [Figure 1]d) and stable position of the extravascular
stent with no migration or erosion [Figure 1]e and [Figure 1]f.
Lung ultrasound can detect extravascular
lung water (EVLW), fluid present in lung interstitium, which is strongly dependent on the left ventricle filling pressure .
Importantly, transfusion did not induce a significant effect on extravascular
thermal volume index, which is a surrogate for extravascular
lung water (30).
Vasogenic edema, the most common type of cerebral edema, is secondary to the movement of albumin, other plasma proteins, and fluid from the intravascular space into the extravascular
In contrast, the distribution of Gd-DOTA in DCE-MRI is determined not only by microvessel density but also by vessel permeability and size of the extravascular
Coppola et al., "Usefulness of ultrasound lung comets as a nonradiologic sign of extravascular
lung water," American Journal of Cardiology, vol.
For the extravascular
fragments, however, only approximately half of the patients are rendered fragment free and extraction should be discussed on a case-by-case basis.
A deficiency of G6PD must be considered in the differential diagnosis of intra- and extravascular
The interstitium of kidney consists of extravascular
spaces of renal parenchyma, bounded on all sides by vascular and tubular basement membranes.5 The renal interstitium is involved in all functions of kidney and affects the GFR, growth and differentiation of parenchymal cells; therefore any changes in the interstitium points towards the renal disease.6 The destruction of renal tubules and interstitial capillaries with accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins results in interstitial fibrosis.7
The clinical usefulness of extravascular
lung water and pulmonary vascular permeability index to diagnose and characterize pulmonary edema: a prospective multicenter study on the quantitative differential diagnostic definition for acute lung injury.
calcification can be seen in the panniculus, it's not uncommon also to see intravascular calcification, said Dr.
Sulphonamide antibodies have been shown to increase oxidative stress of the red blood cell membrane resulting in extravascular
and intravascular destruction of red cells (18,19).