VELOCITY RESULTS (FPS) Barnaul 9x18mm Makarov 94-grain FMJ Average: 1,037 High: 1,074 Low: 1,016 Extreme Spread
: 58 Standard Deviation: 16 Velocity readings recorded using a LabRadar Dopler radar chronograph at 1,030 feet above Sea Level at an ambient temperature of 0 degrees F.
It was also very consistent, turning in single-digit velocity extreme spread
and standard deviation figures.
When extremely cold, most ammunition becomes less consistent, meaning extreme spread
and standard deviation open up a bit.
To add, Dave Emary's tome on extreme spread
and standard deviation was clearly overkill in an explanation that goes so deep that Emary simply buries the reader in senseless and mind-numbing jargon.
"Under these conditions that we are seeing right now, it's not going to take much for the fire to have the extreme spread
that we saw a couple of days ago," he said by telephone after visiting the region.
As seen in column (6) of either panel, we find that the difference between extreme spread
volatility quintiles is generally decreasing across increasing volume/turnover quintiles.
There are not so many regions that have the same sort of extreme spread
that the Middle East has.
A diverse archive of ground, airborne, and satellite data collected during the Rim Fire provides a unique opportunity to examine the conditions required for both extreme spread
events and pyroCb development.
"Then use the other wing to catch and fan out lashes for an extraordinary lift and extreme spread
. The butterfly formula is a fiber-infused formula that instantly coats lashes with a rich veil of color for longer-looking, intensely charged lashes.
"It is the extreme spread
of the levels of pay that bothers my group," he said.
Accuracy is also claimed to be good, with a 20-round group reportedly having an extreme spread
of 2.1 inches at 25 meters.
In both cases, the 28-gauge and 20-gauge held an ES (extreme spread
) from shot-to-shot velocity of 28 fps to 48 fps.