extremophiles


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extremophiles

[ek′trem·ə‚fīlz]
(physiology)
Microorganisms belonging to the domains Bacteria and Archaea that can live and thrive in environments with extreme conditions such as high or low temperatures and pH levels, high salt concentrations, and high pressure.
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Extremophiles can also be used to conserve the environment, he said.
5 DR Joe Michalski, a Mars expert at London's Natural History Museum, said: "We know from the study of extremophiles on Earth that life can not only survive, but thrive in conditions that are hyper-arid, very saline or otherwise 'extreme' in comparison to what is habitable to a human.
We know from the study of extremophiles on Earth that life can not only survive, but thrive in conditions that are hyperarid, very saline or otherwise 'extreme' in comparison to what is habitable to a human.
Studies of weather prediction led to the discovery of a wholly-new class of physical phenomena--chaotic systems--which have since been found to populate every nook and cranny across the span of the universe itself Studies of Earth and exotic forms of life known as extremophiles found in seafloor-spreading sites, in Antarctic ice, and at great depths in the Earth's crust, have motivated, informed, and improved the effectiveness of the study of other planets in the solar system and other solar systems across the galaxy.
Mormile, a microbial ecology of extreme environments expert, found the Bacterium's capability by accident when she was searching for bacteria that could aid in the task of cleaning up the environment, especially the extremophiles which live in Soap Lake.
Extremophiles in nature are organisms that thrive in conditions detrimental to the majority of life on earth--caves, deep seas--and when cavers and divers enter these environments, they sometimes report having an experience called the rapture, or raptures of the deep: the body's response to depth and darkness.
Extremophiles can be classified into thermophiles, psychrophiles, acidophiles, alkaliphiles, halophiles, and others [6].
Some of the life discovered was in the form of Fossil DNA showing that many different types of bacteria live there, including a range of extremophiles which are species adapted to the most extreme environments.
Although there are terrestrial organisms called extremophiles that can survive under those kinds of conditions, they would be toxic to most life.
Toomey (English, University of Massachusetts-Amherst) explains the latest findings on extremophiles and organisms even more extreme, such as organisms based on other elements instead of carbon.