failure

(redirected from extubation failure)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to extubation failure: reintubation

failure

[′fāl·yər]
(engineering)
A permanent change in the volume of a powder or the stresses within it.
(mechanics)
Condition caused by collapse, break, or bending, so that a structure or structural element can no longer fulfill its purpose.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Failure

A condition when a structure or material ceases to fulfill its required purpose. The failure of a structural member may be caused by elastic deformation, fracture, or excessive deflection. The nonstructural failure of a material may be due to weathering, abrasion, or chemical action.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Failure

 

Failure is a consequence of a change in the parameters of a device or of its parts, resulting from internal physicochemical processes and the effect of the environment.

A distinction is made between sudden failure and gradual failure. Sudden failure is characterized by an abrupt change in the values of one or more fundamental parameters of a device (for example, the burnout of the incandescent filament in an electric lamp); in gradual failure, there is a slow change in the values of one or more fundamental parameters of a device (for example, the decrease of engine power to a level below the rated power). The criteria for failure are established in the technical specifications for a particular item.

As a result of failure, a device may stop operating completely, or its operating efficiency may fall below the permissible level. Failure of an element in a device that is not caused by damage to other elements is called independent failure; failure resulting from damage or the complete failure of other elements is called dependent failure.

V. N. FOMIN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

What does it mean when you dream about a failure?

Dreaming about failing, in school or in some task, may simply be an expression of anxiety (i.e., it is not a sign predicting that someone will fail). People who regularly dream of failing are often perfectionists.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.

failure

In structural engineering, that condition of a structural element (or its material components) which renders it incapable of continuing the load-carrying function for which it was designed; may be caused by fracture or by excessive and permanent plastic deformation.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Failure

Army Bomb Plot
attempted assassination of Hitler; his miraculous escape brought dreadful retaliation (1944). [Ger. Hist.: Van Doren, 500]
Brown, Charlie
comic strip character for whom losing is a way of life. [Comics: “Peanuts” in Horn, 542–543]
Bunion Derby
financially disastrous cross-country marathon. [Am. Hist.: Sann, 48–56]
Carker, John
broken-spirited man occupying subordinate position. [Br. Lit.: Dombey and Son]
Edsel
much bruited automobile fails on market (1950s). [Am. Hist.: Flexner, 78]
English, Julian
contentious and unloved salesman; commits suicide in despair. [Am. Lit.: Appointment in Samarra]
Gunpowder Plot
attempt to blow up the Parliament building; led to the execution of its leader, Guy Fawkes (1605). [Brit. Hist.: EB, IV: 70–71]
Little Tramp Chaplin’s
much-loved, much-imitated hapless, “I’m a failure” persona. [Am. Cinema: Griffith, 79]
Loman, Willy
traveling salesman who gradually comes to realize that his life has been a complete failure; commits suicide. [Am. Lit.: The Death of a Salesman, Payton, 397]
Mighty Casey
ignominiously strikes out in the clutch. [Am. Lit.: “Casey at the Bat” in Turkin, 642]
Reardon, Edwin
very promising writer who, after unsuccessful publication, returns to clerical job. [Br. Lit.: New Grub Street, Magill I, 647–649]
Skid Row
district of down-and-outs and bums. [Am. Usage: Brewer Dictionary, 1008]
WIN buttons
President Ford’s scheme to reduce inflation: for the American public to wear shields stating “WIN.” (Whip Inflation Now). [Am. Hist.: Misc.]
World League
“ingenious” creation of a third professional league that never materialized. [Am. Sports: Misc.]
Yank
steamship stoker vainly tries to climb the social ladder, then fails in attempt to avenge himself on society. [Am. Drama: O’Neill The Hairy Ape in Sobel, 339]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

failure

The inability of a system or system component to perform a required function within specified limits. A failure may be produced when a fault is encountered.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)
References in periodicals archive ?
Brochard, "Outcomes of extubation failure in medical intensive care unit patients," Critical Care Medicine, vol.
Lecuyer et al., "Post-intubation laryngeal injuries and extubation failure: a fiberoptic endoscopic study," Intensive Care Medicine, vol.
Retrospective analysis of data collected from our trauma registry was conducted to identify the extubation failure cases in Trauma ICU at Hamad General Hospital, the only Level I trauma center in the State of Qatar between January 2009 and December 2010.
In trauma patients with extubation failure, the majority were reintubated because of stridor, inability to clear secretions, or declining sensorium.
Subjects with prolonged mechanical ventilation were not formally assessed for ICU-AW, which could lead to extubation failure. The heart rate, saturation and blood pressure of subjects need to be documented before and after endurance testing to ensure standardisation of the testing procedure.
Weaning or extubation failure was defined as patients discharged from the ICU with an ongoing need for mechanical ventilation.
We did not find that the use of noradrenaline at the time of weaning was associated with extubation failure. Low doses of noradrenaline may not preclude weaning from mechanical ventilation.
Extubation failure was defined as reintubation and return to ventilatory support in less than 48 hours.
However, the extubation failure rate of 21% was higher than rates reported in some studies of weaning readiness prediction, suggesting extubation readiness prediction by the system needed further evaluation (25-27).
(59.) Rothaar RC, Epstein SK Extubation failure: magnitude of the problem, impact on outcomes, and prevention.
However, classic extubation criteria (including vital capacity, minute volume, maximum inspiratory pressure, rapid superficial breathing index) were inadequate to predict extubation failures in patients in the NICU (11).