(2009a) have found that face width
, mandible width, intercanthal width and nose width metrics, are larger than the control group in their study, identifying craniofacial phenotypic characteristics of OSAS patients with 2D digital images.
Zy.r-Tr-Zy.l angle indicates 48% of the face width
6 shows location of contact in models B and D are almost the same from the middle of the tooth face width
, also the transmitted torques are close to each other.
The present work concentrates on variation of the bending stress and deformation in both conventional steel gear and Al-Si[C.sub.p] composite gear, based on which the composite gear face width
They are Ratio 6: Sn-St/StMe, ratio between upper and lower lip length (P=0.00), Ratio7: Ls-St/St-Li, Vermilion Height Index (P=0.00), Ratio 8: AIR-AIL/ChR-ChL, NoseMouth widthIndex (P=0.00), Ratio 9: ChR-ChL/XR-XL, Mouth- face width
Index (P=0.00), Ratio 10: AIR-AIL/ N-Sn, Nasal Index (P=0.00), Ratio 13: Sn-Me/XR-XL, Lower face Index (P=0.00), Ratio 14: N-St/XR-XL, Upper face Index (P=0.00), Ratio 15: N-Me/XR-XL, Facial Index (P=0.00).
Traits included in the study were height at wither or body height (HT); body length (BL); chest girth (CG); paunch girth (PG); face length (FL); face width
(FW); horn length (HL); horn circumference (HC); ear length (EL); distance between hip bone (HB); distance between pin bone (PB); tail length (TL); tail length up to switch (TUS).
For this purpose, the weekly body weight, left and right shank length, shank width, wing length, face width
and face length of the same birds were measured on from 7th to 42nd days of age.
Eyes large (somewhat 'goggle-eyed'), head much wider than high in anterior view; head width: face width
ratio 3.7:1 (each eye clearly wider than face in anterior view).
Group 1 was measured before the skulls were cut transversely and included the face width
, in which both extremities were taken for limits; the angle formed between the frontal and the temporal processes of the zygomatic bone; the spino-bregmatic distance, which extends from anterior nasal spine to the bregma; and finally, the glabella-lambda curvature which runs from the center of the horizontal line between the upper limits of the orbital cavities up to the lambda (Figure 1A).