behaviors were measured with an instrument that included 63 items, representing an adapted and abbreviated version of the questionnaire presented in Ting-Toomey and Oetzel (2001).
Journal contributions include: "Voice-overs in Standardized English and Spanish Television Commercials" (Atlantis), "Constructing Female Identities through Feminine Hygiene TV Commercials" (Journal of Pragmatics) and "A Multimodal Analysis of Facework
Strategies in a Corpus of Charity Ads on British Television" (Journal of Pragmatics).
(22) Indeed, Jensen links the mastery of space with the habitus of the social agent in "Facework
Teacher communication activities relevant to student motivation: Classroom facework
and instructional communication competence.
This trend, however, is tempered by aspects of Anglo-Australian politeness, more specifically, the attention to facework
and to the different nature of the offence, that the Italo-Australians have acquired as a result of cultural and linguistic contact.
can be described as "the positive social value a person effectively claims for himself by the line others assume he has taken during a particular contact" (Goffman 236).
Students' primary goals, attributions, and facework
during conversations about disappointing grades.
: Self-presentation and Social Interaction in Homer.
Quizas no puedan en estos casos considerarse estas justificaciones como estrategias de cortesia, aunque si de trabajo de la imagen (facework
), puesto que se pone el peso del requerimiento no en la voluntad del hablante, sino en alguna razon exterior al acto discursivo.
For this damage to be repaired, the offender must engage in "corrective facework
," which typically takes the form of an "account" (25)--a verbal-remedial strategy explaining the victim's injury.
The use of modality refers to speakers' attempts to do facework
, by means of a tentative refusal ("I don't know") which implies that the speaker is reluctant to refuse.
Power distance and facework
. Journal of Intercultural Communication Research, 25, 139-160.