The parameters which showed no significant difference in two populations were upper lip to E-line, lower lip to E -line, upper lip to S-line, lower lip to S-line, upper lip to B-line, lower lip to B-line, lower lip to H-line and soft tissue facial angle
. Table# 5
Nicolaides, "Frontomaxillary facial angle
in screening for trisomy 21 at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks," Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.
Since race itself was seen as an inherently stable and stabilizing category, it is no wonder that the facial angle
carne to be proof of that stability.
In the eighteenth century, in addition to skin color and hair, "the facial angle
was the most extensively elaborated and artlessly abused criterion for racial somatology" (Haller, 1995, p.
Soft tissue facial angle
, nose prominence, H angle, soft tissue subnasale to H line, lower lip to H line, inferior sulcus to H line, soft tissue chin thickness, and basic upper lip thickness were not statistically different by gender (Table 3).
GoGn, CoGn, Co-Pog, Jarabak index, GoGn-Sn, palatal-GoGn, facial angle
, gonial angle, and U1 to SN also showed significant changes (Table 1, 2).
Case Norm Facial angle
78.2 88.3 Convexity angle 17.1 5 SNA 79.2 80.2 SNB 71.7 77 ANB 7.5 3.2 Mandibular angle 57.6 22.4 7-axis 78.9 57.3 Occlusal angle 37.6 9 Interincisal angle 121.4 129 Li-occlusal plane 8 18.4 Li-mandibular plane -12 4.8 Ui/SN 94.6 105 Ui/A-Pg 8.7 5 Li/A-Pg 8.2 1.3 ML/SNL 63.1 / NL/SNL 12 / Rotational type P1NOB / Growth category 2 / Table 2: Arnett-Bergman soft tissues analysis before surgery.
The finding that the soft tissue facial angle
is convex supports another previous study finding of similar convexity in soft tissue profile .
Compared to the exaggerated diagrams used by naturalists to depict the supposedly ape-like facial angle
of blacks, the artistic and often beautiful representations of Queen of Sheba would seem to provide Western iconography with much needed, positive images of black people.
less than ;ANB was found out to be 5.5+-1.1deg and facial angle
<SNA, SNB, ANB, Facial angle
, SN-Md plane, MMA, Y-axis, LAFH/TAFH ratio