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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in the Roman Empire, a group of people involved in organizing equestrian contests.

The term was later transferred by scholars studying Byzantium to the sports organizations, known in Byzantine cities from the fourth century A.D., that arranged and conducted circus and sports events.

Large groups of fans, called demes, adhered to the various factions. There were usually four factions in each city, and they, like the demes, were named according to the color of the costumes worn by their charioteers: the Blues (Veneti), Greens (Prasinoi), Whites (Leukoi), and Reds (Russi). The most important were the Veneti and Prasinoi of Constantinople, who played an important political role in the fifth through seventh centuries. They lost their political importance around the middle of the seventh century and subsequently concerned themselves solely with the organization of sports competitions and festive ceremonies in Constantinople.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
But government repression, intense as it was, only disrupted the IWA leftists; it was left for conservative factionalists to exploit these disruptions and use them as an opportunity to oust the Communists.
In this way, Hayward risks misleading readers about the real reasons for the Berns-Jaffa feud, which not only embarrassed many of their friends but also encouraged an unjustified image of Straussians as factionalists, which only added fuel to the fires of Strauss's typically ill-informed and often highly partisan critics.
Yet, the lack of even a misgoverning head of the state created a misbalance, which would haunt the factionalists until their decimation to a single ruler.
A primary purpose of the unity government is to check these factionalists.
When a Politburo or a Standing Committee member was removed between the party congresses, factionalists claimed victory.
It's a big test for Labor activists to become more socially inclusive and for Labor factionalists to see beyond their own high-paid hoped-for careers (a persistent characteristic of many rightist labour leaders, the latest being Paul Howes) and build a new ideological framework.
"Today, a report I saw has all the hallmarks of rogue elements in the employ of the factionalists within our leadership.
These rules are not the norms and values stressed by structural factionalists, but they are the deeply embedded and embodied generative dispositions that organise social practices.
Pastors have been verbally attacked by liturgy factionalists in their parish for not immediately putting into practice the new rules.
By blaming the murder on former intraparty factionalists, he could justify the total mobilization that he deemed essential for totalitarian socialism to survive.
In subsequent years, ex-leftist factionalists, political commentators, and cold war-era historians dismissed "Mother" Bloor as an empty symbol, an unimportant "woman organizer," and an easily manipulated, politically unsophisticated woman.
What did the aristocratic Vicomtesse de Fars Fausselandry, who hated the Revolution and in whose heart "the voice of revenge makes itself heard so imperiously," have in common with the bourgeoise Madame Roland, who could distinguish "true patriots" committed to the cause of liberty from "factionalists" who impeded the revolutionary cause?