factor

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factor,

in arithmetic, any number that divides a given number evenly, i.e., without any remainder. The factors of 12 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 12. Similarly in algebra, any one of the algebraic expressions multiplied by another to form a product is a factor of that product, e.g., a+b and ab are factors of a2b 2, since (a+b)(ab)=a2b2. In general, if r is a rootroot,
in mathematics, number or quantity r for which an equation f(r)=0 holds true, where f is some function. If f is a polynomial, r is called a root of f; for example, r=3 and r
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 of a polynomialpolynomial,
mathematical expression which is a finite sum, each term being a constant times a product of one or more variables raised to powers. With only one variable the general form of a polynomial is a0xn+a1x
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 equation f(x)=0, then (xr) is a factor of the polynomial f(x).
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factor

[′fak·tər]
(mathematics)
For an integer n, any integer which gives n when multiplied by another integer.
For a polynomial p, any polynomial which gives p when multiplied by another polynomial.
For a graph G, a spanning subgraph of G with at least one edge.
(statistics)
A quantity or a variable being studied in an experiment as a possible cause of variation.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

factor

1. Maths
a. one of two or more integers or polynomials whose product is a given integer or polynomial
b. an integer or polynomial that can be exactly divided into another integer or polynomial
2. Med any of several substances that participate in the clotting of blood
3. Law, Commerce a person who acts on another's behalf, esp one who transacts business for another
4. former name for a gene
5. Commercial law a person to whom goods are consigned for sale and who is paid a factorage
6. (in Scotland) the manager of an estate
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

factor

A quantity which is multiplied by another quantity.

See also divisor.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

factor

A number that divides evenly into another number. For example, 3 and 4 are factors of 12. See factorial and IFP.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In traditional factoring arrangements, the factored client's customers are notified" that the sales invoices billed by the client to the customers have been sold and assigned to the factor; a statement instructing them to remit to the factor usually is printed on each sales invoice.
At one point, Bridgeman says, his four-year-old magazine factored approximately half of its invoices, which equated to about $20,000 in receivables per month.
The idea behind the quadratic sieve is to concentrate on the simpler task of factoring a large collection of specially selected small numbers, each of which is considerably smaller than the number to be factored. The information from those smaller problems can be pieced together to factor the original number.