factory ship


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factory ship

a fishing boat that processes the fish that are caught

Factory Ship

 

a vessel that receives fresh fish and other marine products (for example, crabs and shrimp) from catching vessels; processes the catch into a canned product, fish meal, and fat; and delivers the products to port.

The first factory ships were built in the mid-1920’s in connection with the development of expeditionary fishing for crabs, sauries, sardines, mackerel, and other marine animals. The canned products prepared on factory ships in the fishing grounds taste better and are more nutritional than similar products prepared at shore enterprises from defrosted frozen fish. The production equipment on a factory ship includes fish-processing machines, mechanized lines for dressing the fish and producing canned fish and roe, and units for producing fish meal and fat from the waste products. On large factory ships as many as 450,000 cans are produced daily. Refrigeration units are used for preliminary cooling of the fresh fish and storage of the canned products; they also provide ice for production needs. The fish meal is stored in unrefrigerated holds, and the fat in special tanks.

Factory ships have a length of 160–170 m. The power of the main engine is about 3 MW, and the speed is 13 knots (around 24 km/hr). Factory ships may remain at sea for 90 days or longer and have a crew of more than 600 men. In an expedition of a fishing fleet, the factory ship supplies the catching vessels with fuel, fresh water, and other supplies. In addition, it renders recreational and medical services for the crews.

REFERENCE

See references under .

V. V. RANENKO

factory ship

[′fak·trē ‚ship]
(naval architecture)
A ship equipped both to catch and to process fish into products such as frozen filet, frozen whole fish, and fish meal.
References in periodicals archive ?
Additional expansion of the whaling industry did not occur until 1959 when, during three consecutive seasons (1959-61), the Soviets added a new factory ship each year to their Antarctic operations; these included two large, purpose-built sister ships, Sovetskaya Ukraine and Sovetskaya Rossia, as well as the Yuri Dolgorukiy, which was a converted passenger liner.
It is believed the Nisshin Maru is a factory ship that processes the carcasses of dead whales.
The vessel was sold to Japanese owners in 1951 and was converted into a fish factory ship.
The more experienced would perhaps have identified her as a whaling factory ship, traveling with her attendant fleet of catcher boats and scouting vessels on a transit that would take them south into the Red Sea and beyond.
While Japan claims the hunt is for purely 'research' purposes, its factory ship is due to return to port tomorrow with hundreds of tons of packaged whale meat ready for the country's commercial meat markets.
Japan: Japan s Fisheries Agency said Wednesday it plans to refit the factory ship used every year on its Antarctic whaling expeditions, in the hope of getting at least another decade s service.
In the mid-1960s she was converted into a fish processing factory ship, the very role for which she had been built.
factory ship fleets killed every whale they could find.
The Nisshin Maru is the main factory ship which captures and slaughters the sea creatures, making them into what Sue describes as "meal size portions".
This was not, in fact, a tanker; it was a whale factory ship, one of, I believe, a couple built at that time, the other being Southern Harvester," he adds.
One of the vessels in the Soviet fleet was the Professor Baranov, a factory ship 165 metres in length that processed the catch of a fleet of 20 trawlers, each between 40 and 50 metres long.