factory ship

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factory ship

a fishing boat that processes the fish that are caught
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Factory Ship


a vessel that receives fresh fish and other marine products (for example, crabs and shrimp) from catching vessels; processes the catch into a canned product, fish meal, and fat; and delivers the products to port.

The first factory ships were built in the mid-1920’s in connection with the development of expeditionary fishing for crabs, sauries, sardines, mackerel, and other marine animals. The canned products prepared on factory ships in the fishing grounds taste better and are more nutritional than similar products prepared at shore enterprises from defrosted frozen fish. The production equipment on a factory ship includes fish-processing machines, mechanized lines for dressing the fish and producing canned fish and roe, and units for producing fish meal and fat from the waste products. On large factory ships as many as 450,000 cans are produced daily. Refrigeration units are used for preliminary cooling of the fresh fish and storage of the canned products; they also provide ice for production needs. The fish meal is stored in unrefrigerated holds, and the fat in special tanks.

Factory ships have a length of 160–170 m. The power of the main engine is about 3 MW, and the speed is 13 knots (around 24 km/hr). Factory ships may remain at sea for 90 days or longer and have a crew of more than 600 men. In an expedition of a fishing fleet, the factory ship supplies the catching vessels with fuel, fresh water, and other supplies. In addition, it renders recreational and medical services for the crews.


See references under .


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

factory ship

[′fak·trē ‚ship]
(naval architecture)
A ship equipped both to catch and to process fish into products such as frozen filet, frozen whole fish, and fish meal.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Additional expansion of the whaling industry did not occur until 1959 when, during three consecutive seasons (1959-61), the Soviets added a new factory ship each year to their Antarctic operations; these included two large, purpose-built sister ships, Sovetskaya Ukraine and Sovetskaya Rossia, as well as the Yuri Dolgorukiy, which was a converted passenger liner.
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There's blood all over the place, meat being carted around on this factory ship deck, offal and innards being dumped in the ocean," said Sea Shepherd Australia chairman Bob Brown.
Veteran anti-whaling campaigner Paul Watson said the Japanese factory ship the Nisshin Maru rammed the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society's much smaller vessel the Bob Barker in the incident on Monday.
Sea Shepherd activists say whaling fleet's factory ship, Nisshin Maru, hit two of its vessels, the Bob Barker and its flagship the Steve Irwin.
The vessel was sold to Japanese owners in 1951 and was converted into a fish factory ship. It was broken up in Taiwan in 1971.
On page 30 your unnamed contributor takes me to task about Kosmos V a whale factory ship built at Haverton Hill's Furness yard.
The more experienced would perhaps have identified her as a whaling factory ship, traveling with her attendant fleet of catcher boats and scouting vessels on a transit that would take them south into the Red Sea and beyond.