factory ship

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factory ship

a fishing boat that processes the fish that are caught

Factory Ship

 

a vessel that receives fresh fish and other marine products (for example, crabs and shrimp) from catching vessels; processes the catch into a canned product, fish meal, and fat; and delivers the products to port.

The first factory ships were built in the mid-1920’s in connection with the development of expeditionary fishing for crabs, sauries, sardines, mackerel, and other marine animals. The canned products prepared on factory ships in the fishing grounds taste better and are more nutritional than similar products prepared at shore enterprises from defrosted frozen fish. The production equipment on a factory ship includes fish-processing machines, mechanized lines for dressing the fish and producing canned fish and roe, and units for producing fish meal and fat from the waste products. On large factory ships as many as 450,000 cans are produced daily. Refrigeration units are used for preliminary cooling of the fresh fish and storage of the canned products; they also provide ice for production needs. The fish meal is stored in unrefrigerated holds, and the fat in special tanks.

Factory ships have a length of 160–170 m. The power of the main engine is about 3 MW, and the speed is 13 knots (around 24 km/hr). Factory ships may remain at sea for 90 days or longer and have a crew of more than 600 men. In an expedition of a fishing fleet, the factory ship supplies the catching vessels with fuel, fresh water, and other supplies. In addition, it renders recreational and medical services for the crews.

REFERENCE

See references under .

V. V. RANENKO

factory ship

[′fak·trē ‚ship]
(naval architecture)
A ship equipped both to catch and to process fish into products such as frozen filet, frozen whole fish, and fish meal.
References in periodicals archive ?
113) Translator's note: As noted previously, it appears that the factory ships and the directorate wanted to exclude scientists and not let them see original data, using any excuse they could manufacture.
From its peak in the early '70s, when huge factory ships took 12,000 seals a day, world demand fell from 425,000 in the early '80s to 100,000 by the end of the decade.
born in 1937, worked as both a biologist and a national whaling inspector aboard the factory ships Yuriy Dolgorukiy, Slava, and Sovetskaya Rossia at various times between 1961 and 1974.
Summary: The season for an ancient and spectacular tuna-fishing technique has begun off Spain's southwest coast, and fishermen fear it could soon disappear if fleets of factory ships elsewhere keep overfishing prized Atlantic bluefin tuna.
Peruvian anchovy sucked up on enormous factory ships, ground into a powder, shipped half way round the world and fed to 25,000 salmon in a cage in a Scottish loch being shipped to a supermarket or a ready meal near you.
She writes: Colin Hatton is wrong when he says it was a whaling ship, there were two whaling factory ships.
Despite restrictions on foreign factory ships, catch limits, no-fish zones and elaborate state and federal permitting regulations, the stocks of cod, haddock, pollock, flounder and the like - the mainstays of the commercial fishing industry - remain at precarious levels, putting the long-term prospects for their commercial viability in doubt.
Looking for new growth areas, it built a revolutionary fleet of trawlers known as the Fairtry factory ships based on the Humber to freeze fish while still at sea.
No, but what about the Russian factory ships that scoop up all those fish?
They range from deep-sea fish factory ships, agricultural packers through baking and food production and into chemical and manufacturing industries.
He was quick to point out that the ship would provide comfortable accommodations for the workers, unlike the image evoked by bleak and crowded factory ships.
Then the eastern European trawlers moved in with their massive factory ships.