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fact

1. Law an actual event, happening, etc., as distinguished from its legal consequences. Questions of fact are decided by the jury, questions of law by the court or judge
2. Philosophy a proposition that may be either true or false, as contrasted with an evaluative statement
3. after (or before) the fact Criminal law after (or before) the commission of the offence
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

FACT

(1)

fact

(artificial intelligence, programming)
The kind of clause used in logic programming which has no subgoals and so is always true (always succeeds). E.g.

wet(water). male(denis).

This is in contrast to a rule which only succeeds if all its subgoals do. Rules usually contain logic variables, facts rarely do, except for oddities like "equal(X,X).".
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)
References in periodicals archive ?
This use of an authority does not involve deference at all; the factual authority is only persuasive to the extent it has the power to persuade on its own.
"The Court on the basis of the motion, pleadings and hearing conducted upon directive of the Supreme Court finds factual and legal basis for the issuance of Proclamation 572 on August 31, 2018 by President Rodrigo Duterte," Alameda's ruling, dated September 25, read.
About a third of 18- to 49-year-olds (32 percent) correctly identified all five of the factual statements as factual, compared with two-in-ten among those ages 50 and older.
denies strict factual status to the following questions raised by my letter: (1) whether or not an object actually has a certain property; (2) whether or not an agent performs an action; (3) whether or not an agent has a particular intention; (4) whether or not an agent aims to achieve a certain goal; and (5) whether or not a concept refers to an empirically verifiable state of affairs.
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The Brecon Beacons with Iolo Williams is nominated for Factual Series, Director Factual (John Gwyn) and Presenter (Iolo Williams).
Structured with four conditional representations namely 'Factual', 'Procedural', 'Problem solving' and 'Conceptual'; and the third one--the 'Ill structured' with very minimal domain words (telegraphic words) kept in the document.
When we are not factual it undermines the important message union members are trying to put out there to improve health outcomes and conditions.
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The Court unanimously held "that the construction of a patent, including terms of art within its claim, is exclusively within the province of the court." District courts have followed that holding by conducting hearings (in the absence of juries) in which the litigants may present factual evidence and expert testimony, and weighing that evidence in view of the litigants' arguments before construing claims for trial of infringement and invalidity.
They contain more factual claims about the world than ever before, and those claims are now rich with empirical data.