faculty


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faculty

1. 
a. a department within a university or college devoted to a particular branch of knowledge
b. the staff of such a department
c. Chiefly US and Canadian all the teaching staff at a university, college, school, etc.
2. all members of a learned profession

Faculty

 

an educational, scholarly, and administrative division of a higher educational institution. A faculty trains undergraduate and graduate students in an area of specialization or in several related areas. It also provides advanced training for specialists in such areas and administers the research conducted in its affiliated departments. In the USSR the terms corresponding to faculty and department are department and subdepartment, respectively.

Medieval universities, which were the first educational institutions to have faculties, had faculties of medicine, law, arts, and theology. As knowledge became more specialized and industry developed in the 18th and 19th centuries, the number of faculties increased to include faculties of physics and mathematics, history and philology, philosophy, biology, and technology. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, branches of higher technological institutions were often called divisions. In higher educational institutions in a number of countries, such branches are now called departments, institutes, or colleges.

Many higher educational institutions have independent correspondence and evening divisions, preparatory divisions for foreign students, and divisions for the advanced training of specialists. Higher educational institutions in the USSR have preparatory divisions for raising the level of general eduation among workers and rural youth; study in these divisions enables such young people to enter higher educational institutions.

In the USSR, departments of technology in higher educational institutions provide correspondence education in engineering and the sciences in order to make instruction accessible to persons who do not live or work near a higher educational institution. These departments, which also provide evening instruction, generally follow a standardized three-year curriculum. Upon completing the three-year course, the students select a field of specialization and continue their studies in a specialized department.

Divisions functioning within departments specialize in given fields of study or methods of instruction. A department is administered by a dean with the assistance of a departmental council.

V. A. IUDIN

References in periodicals archive ?
The questions being pursued in this article are what are the effects of aging faculty in regards to hiring new faculty, diversity, student retention, and costs.
In the beginning of the event the secretary General of ASC welcomed the presence of all faculty members and then he introduced the council members and office bearers which were later endorsed by all the general members.
Contingent faculty offer institutions flexibility by increasing or decreasing the number of courses being offered based on student enrollment numbers (Meixner, Kruck, & Madden, 2010).
As Myrna Fischman notes, however, schools of law and medicine require their educators to be licensed professionals, while accounting faculty are often not required to be CPAs or even have practical experience ("Teaching for the Accounting Profession: CPAs and PhDs," The CPA Journal, June 2007, http://bit.ly/2w9V9By).
According to the local government officials, a group of nineteen female students are also among those graduated from the faculty.
While this task will be daunting, it presents community colleges with an opportunity to increase their faculty diversity.
UALR pays its adjunct faculty $2,000-$3,000 per course.
By increasing student enrollment and hiring quality faculty, colleges and universities can sustain their competitive advantage.
Because community-based learning (CBL) is largely a curricular endeavor, faculty investment is critical to the institutionalization and sustainability of this practice (Bringle & Hatcher, 1995, 2000).
* When asked whether "the climate for female faculty in the school/department is at least as good as for male faculty," 44 percent of female faculty members agreed with the statement, compared with 58 percent of male faculty.
Adjunct and part-time faculty are an important resource for developmental education programs.

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