Dendroclimatic analysis of Acer saccharum, Fagus grandifolia
, and Tsuga canadensis from an old-growth forest, southwestern Quebec.
The stand has a canopy dominated by Tsuga canadensis shared with straight-stemmed Quercus rubra, Acer rubrum, and Fagus grandifolia
, with large Pinus strobus emerging above the canopy.
Within the deciduous forest, Acer saccharum and Fagus grandifolia
had the highest values of 0.65 and 0.33, respectively.
Woody vegetation of an American beech (Fagus grandifolia
) community in eastern Texas.
Overall, sugar maple, pawpaw, American beech (Fagus grandifolia
), ironwood (Carpinus caroliniana) and hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) all increased in abundance in the browsed treatment (Fig.
ovata 2.31 3.79 2.75 0.79 1.72 Fagus grandifolia
0.68 1.18 2.30 0.32 0.74 Fraxinus americana 6.39 6.40 1.06 5.11 5.09 Ostrya virginiana 1.22 2.13 0.76 0.14 0.33 Pinus strobus 3.13 2.84 9.81 2.30 1.15 Quercus rubra 19.02 11.37 5.62 66.80 50.74 Other [+] 0.27 0.24 11.82 0.07 0.00 Total (absolute values) [++] 920 489 823 27.8 12.4 Control [ss] Density (%) Basal area (%) Species 1996 1991 1993 1996 1991 Acer rubrum 18.73 57.59 56.71 55.34 17.15 Acer saccharum 1.20 0.95 1.02 1.07 0.31 Betula alleghaniensis 6.51 0.16 0.17 0.18 0.07 Betula lenta 6.96 5.22 5.43 5.34 2.45 Betula papyrifera 2.97 1.90 2.04 1.96 2.65 Carya glabraiC.
American beech (Fagus grandifolia
) is a reddish brown hardwood slightly more coarse in texture than European beech, although both are comparable in strength.
The wet-mesic forest at Spring Pond is primarily mature second growth dominated by Fagus grandifolia
(beech), Acer saccharum (sugar maple), Platanus occidentalis (sycamore), Quercus macrocarpa (burr oak) and Fraxinus spp.
Jackson and Barns (1975) found the woods to be dominated by American beech (Fagus grandifolia
Ehrh.), sweet (red) gum (Liquidambar styraciflua L.) and red maple (Acer rubrum L.); vascular plant taxonomy follows Gleason and Cronquist (1991).
Unpublished, handwritten reports by surveyors showed the north line of plot 39 (which corresponds to the east-west axis of the study area) to be forested, with maple (Acer spp.), linden (Platanus sp.), white ash (Fraxinus americana), beech (Fagus grandifolia
), chestnut (Castanea sp.), and elm (Ulmus spp.) trees present (Atwater 1797).
Davis (1978, 1981) notes that Betula, Fagus grandifolia
, Acer saccharum, and/or Quercus increased in abundance after the decline at a number of sites in the Northeast.
Two of the more notable beeches are the common beech or European beech (Fagus sylvatica) and the American beech (Fagus grandifolia
, also known as Fagus ferruginea.) American beech is the only beech native to this country.