Falconet


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Falconet

 

a term applied to ordnance with calibers from 45 to 100 mm, used in armies and navies from the 16th to the 18th century. The first Russian falconets were cast in 1547 and weighed 250 kg. During the 18th century the term “falconet” was used in several armies to refer to regimental cannons with calibers between 45 and 55 mm. Falconets fired lead balls and were hauled by one or two horses. In the navy, falconets were used on oared vessels and yachts.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
At this juncture, however, the 'Falconet' essay is instructive precisely because it does not include the term that could have succinctly bundled together the notion of the origin of art, its internal coherence and its mode of operation that are worked out in the essay.
The Falconet: This eye-catching 17th-century field gun is decorated with wrought-iron motifs.
Other rare, restricted range or globally endangered species include the Rufous-necked Hornbill, Green Cochoa, Purple Cochoa, Beautiful Nuthatch, Ward's Trogon, Ruddy Kingfisher, Blue-eared Kingfisher, White-tailed Fish Eagle, Eurasian Hobby, Pied Falconet, White-winged Wood Duck, Himalayan Wood-wool, Rufous-throated Hill-patridge and While Cheeked Hill Patridge.
PLANT DAFFODILS Lucy Tolmach, director of horticulture for Filoli House and Garden in Woodside (filoli.org), recommends fragrant 'Falconet' or 'February Gold' for containers, and white 'Inbal' or 'Mount Hood' for planting where yellow doesn't work.
The commission is compared with the large orders for dinner services from Catherine the Great (1729-96)--the 3,000-piece service given to her favourite Count Gregory Orloff in 1771, designed with assistance from the renowned French sculptor Etienne Maurice Falconet, is represented by a tureen by Roettiers, of Paris, from the Metropolitan Museum's permanent collections.
Apart from the breathtaking loans, there is a daunting catalogue containing 144 entries on works by canonic figures (Goujon, Pilon, Falconet, Girardon, Coysevox, Pigalle, Houdon) in addition to lesser lights as one moves from French Mannerism past Louis XIV, XV, and XVI to the rationalist French sculptors of the eighteenth century.
The 265-kg Flight Refuelling Falconet jet-powered target has a unique method of operation, taking off from a dolly running around a circular runway and landing by parachute on its frangible nose-cap.