fallacy

(redirected from fallacious)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Wikipedia.

fallacy,

in logic, a term used to characterize an invalid argument. Strictly speaking, it refers only to the transition from a set of premises to a conclusion, and is distinguished from falsity, a value attributed to a single statement. The laws of syllogisms were systematically elaborated by Aristotle, and for an argument to be valid, it must adhere to all the laws; to be fallacious, it need only break one (see syllogismsyllogism,
a mode of argument that forms the core of the body of Western logical thought. Aristotle defined syllogistic logic, and his formulations were thought to be the final word in logic; they underwent only minor revisions in the subsequent 2,200 years.
..... Click the link for more information.
). The term fallacy has come to be used in a somewhat wider sense than the purely formal one. Informal fallacies are said to occur when statements are ambiguous or vague as to the logical form they represent, or when a multiplicity of meaning is present and the validity of the argument depends on switching meanings of a word or a phrase in midstream.

fallacy

Logic an error in reasoning that renders an argument logically invalid
References in classic literature ?
Of good and evil much they argu'd then, Of happiness and final misery, Passion and Apathie, and glory and shame, Vain wisdom all, and false Philosophie: Yet with a pleasing sorcerie could charm Pain for a while or anguish, and excite Fallacious hope, or arm th' obdured brest With stubborn patience as with triple steel.
ISLAMABAD -- Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PMLN) and Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) while rejecting fallacious allegations of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) have submitted their replies in Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP).
Valentine Obienyem's article is a fallacious moonlight tale of a political aide that is in a desperate search for a damage control antidote to cushion the effects of the political wound sustained by his paymaster in the last November 18th governorship election.
Summary: 'Such fallacious assertions are counterproductive and detrimental'
Calling for an unconditional apology within seven days of the receipt of the notice, she said that the law minister made a false and malicious statement before the media on August 6 by levelling fallacious and scathing allegations against her.
The argument of institutional memory is fallacious.
The "sad paradox" that Zakharova highlighted about media reports spreading fallacious information against Russia was contradicted in an almost hypocritical way by Defense Minister Sergey Shoygu's (http://www.
Technology has surely been used for fallacious purposes as of late, but when handled by those with the purest of intentions, it holds the power to save lives.
Duncan offers ammunition for criticizing the fallacious public discourse underlying debates on the issue and calls for a mass movement against police violence and state repression in South Africa.
PTI spokesperson Naeem-ul-Haq had already said that Sadiq reference against the Chairman PTI was fallacious, based on lies.
The MP asked: "Is it not fallacious for the 'remoaners' to always say that once we have left the European Union, we will not have access to European institutions?
Wrong question, because it is based on the fallacious assumption that we are balancing the freedom to own guns against the lives of those who will be killed by unjustified gun violence.