familial polyposis


Also found in: Dictionary, Medical.

familial polyposis

[fə′mil·yəl ‚päl·ə′pō·səs]
(medicine)
A hereditary condition transmitted as an autosomal dominant and characterized by the appearance of polyps in the small intestine and colon; malignant degeneration is common.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hamartomatous polyps of the duodenum represent a heterogeneous group of inflammatory polypoid lesions often occurring in the setting of familial polyposis syndromes (33,34) or very rarely as isolated sporadic polyps.
Four of Patricia's five sisters inherited the tragic genetic legacy of familial polyposis coli which can lead to colon cancer.
It was a horrendous time for the family, made worse when doctors explained Patrick's cancer was a result of Familial Polyposis, a rare genetic condition where polyps form in the colon which, in time, turns to cancer.
The second study will compare the capsule with barium enema to detect small-bowel polyps in children with familial polyposis.
For one condition that we call familial polyposis, where we see people with hundreds of colon polyps, if they have a mutation in the gene associated with that condition, there is a 100 percent lifetime risk of developing colon cancer--obviously, very, very high.
In a paragraph dealing with common and variant presentations of familial polyposis, a click on the light bulb generated a list of MEDLINE abstracts that appeared to be random references to familial and juvenile adenomatous polyposis.
Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, familial polyposis, and cancer.
The guide can be accessed on the Internet beginning March 1996 at either http://text.nlm.nih.gov or Editorial Note: Well-established risk factors for colorectal cancer include older age, male sex, inflammatory bowel disease, certain hereditary conditions (e.g., familial polyposis), and family history of colorectal cancer.
"With the exception of presymptomatic testing for familial polyposis coli [a genetic disorder resulting in colon cancer], there is no documented benefit to the child of testing for cystic fibrosis carrier status or presymptomatic testing for Huntington's disease."
Full browser ?